Human amnion epithelial cells modulate ventilation-induced white matter pathology in preterm lambs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Preterm infants can be inadvertently exposed to high tidal volumes (VT) during resuscitation in the delivery room due to limitations of available equipment. High VT ventilation of preterm lambs produces cerebral white matter (WM) pathology similar to that observed in preterm infants who develop cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, would reduce ventilation-induced WM pathology in neonatal late preterm lamb brains. METHODS: Two groups of lambs (0.85 gestation) were used, as follows: (1) ventilated lambs (Vent; n = 8) were ventilated using a protocol that induces injury (VT targeting 15 ml/kg for 15 min, with no positive end-expiratory pressure) and were then maintained for another 105 min, and (2) ventilated + hAECs lambs (Vent+hAECs; n = 7) were similarly ventilated but received intravenous and intratracheal administration of 9 x 10(7) hAECs (18 x 10(7) hAECs total) at birth. Oxygenation and ventilation parameters were monitored in real time; cerebral oxygenation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy. qPCR (quantitative real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to assess inflammation, vascular leakage and astrogliosis in both the periventricular and subcortical WM of the frontal and parietal lobes. An unventilated control group (UVC; n = 5) was also used for qPCR analysis of gene expression. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare physiological data. Student s t test and one-way ANOVA were used for immunohistological and qPCR data comparisons, respectively. RESULTS: Respiratory parameters were not different between groups. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA levels in subcortical WM were lower in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.028). IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA levels in periventricular WM were higher in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.007 and p = 0.001, respectively). The density of Iba-1-positive microglia was lower
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338 - 348
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental Neuroscience
Volume37
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

@article{8b3ae48b669b42a2949f25f9e79324a5,
title = "Human amnion epithelial cells modulate ventilation-induced white matter pathology in preterm lambs",
abstract = "Preterm infants can be inadvertently exposed to high tidal volumes (VT) during resuscitation in the delivery room due to limitations of available equipment. High VT ventilation of preterm lambs produces cerebral white matter (WM) pathology similar to that observed in preterm infants who develop cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, would reduce ventilation-induced WM pathology in neonatal late preterm lamb brains. METHODS: Two groups of lambs (0.85 gestation) were used, as follows: (1) ventilated lambs (Vent; n = 8) were ventilated using a protocol that induces injury (VT targeting 15 ml/kg for 15 min, with no positive end-expiratory pressure) and were then maintained for another 105 min, and (2) ventilated + hAECs lambs (Vent+hAECs; n = 7) were similarly ventilated but received intravenous and intratracheal administration of 9 x 10(7) hAECs (18 x 10(7) hAECs total) at birth. Oxygenation and ventilation parameters were monitored in real time; cerebral oxygenation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy. qPCR (quantitative real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to assess inflammation, vascular leakage and astrogliosis in both the periventricular and subcortical WM of the frontal and parietal lobes. An unventilated control group (UVC; n = 5) was also used for qPCR analysis of gene expression. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare physiological data. Student s t test and one-way ANOVA were used for immunohistological and qPCR data comparisons, respectively. RESULTS: Respiratory parameters were not different between groups. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA levels in subcortical WM were lower in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.028). IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA levels in periventricular WM were higher in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.007 and p = 0.001, respectively). The density of Iba-1-positive microglia was lower",
author = "Barton, {Samantha Kate} and Jacqueline Melville and Mary Tolcos and Graeme Polglase and McDougall, {Annie Rene Alison} and Aminath Azhan and Crossley, {Kelly Jane} and Graham Jenkin and Moss, {Timothy James Murugesan}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1159/000371415",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "338 -- 348",
journal = "Developmental Neuroscience",
issn = "0378-5866",
publisher = "Karger",
number = "4-5",

}

Human amnion epithelial cells modulate ventilation-induced white matter pathology in preterm lambs. / Barton, Samantha Kate; Melville, Jacqueline; Tolcos, Mary; Polglase, Graeme; McDougall, Annie Rene Alison; Azhan, Aminath; Crossley, Kelly Jane; Jenkin, Graham; Moss, Timothy James Murugesan.

In: Developmental Neuroscience, Vol. 37, No. 4-5, 2015, p. 338 - 348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human amnion epithelial cells modulate ventilation-induced white matter pathology in preterm lambs

AU - Barton, Samantha Kate

AU - Melville, Jacqueline

AU - Tolcos, Mary

AU - Polglase, Graeme

AU - McDougall, Annie Rene Alison

AU - Azhan, Aminath

AU - Crossley, Kelly Jane

AU - Jenkin, Graham

AU - Moss, Timothy James Murugesan

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Preterm infants can be inadvertently exposed to high tidal volumes (VT) during resuscitation in the delivery room due to limitations of available equipment. High VT ventilation of preterm lambs produces cerebral white matter (WM) pathology similar to that observed in preterm infants who develop cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, would reduce ventilation-induced WM pathology in neonatal late preterm lamb brains. METHODS: Two groups of lambs (0.85 gestation) were used, as follows: (1) ventilated lambs (Vent; n = 8) were ventilated using a protocol that induces injury (VT targeting 15 ml/kg for 15 min, with no positive end-expiratory pressure) and were then maintained for another 105 min, and (2) ventilated + hAECs lambs (Vent+hAECs; n = 7) were similarly ventilated but received intravenous and intratracheal administration of 9 x 10(7) hAECs (18 x 10(7) hAECs total) at birth. Oxygenation and ventilation parameters were monitored in real time; cerebral oxygenation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy. qPCR (quantitative real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to assess inflammation, vascular leakage and astrogliosis in both the periventricular and subcortical WM of the frontal and parietal lobes. An unventilated control group (UVC; n = 5) was also used for qPCR analysis of gene expression. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare physiological data. Student s t test and one-way ANOVA were used for immunohistological and qPCR data comparisons, respectively. RESULTS: Respiratory parameters were not different between groups. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA levels in subcortical WM were lower in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.028). IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA levels in periventricular WM were higher in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.007 and p = 0.001, respectively). The density of Iba-1-positive microglia was lower

AB - Preterm infants can be inadvertently exposed to high tidal volumes (VT) during resuscitation in the delivery room due to limitations of available equipment. High VT ventilation of preterm lambs produces cerebral white matter (WM) pathology similar to that observed in preterm infants who develop cerebral palsy. We hypothesized that human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), which have anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties, would reduce ventilation-induced WM pathology in neonatal late preterm lamb brains. METHODS: Two groups of lambs (0.85 gestation) were used, as follows: (1) ventilated lambs (Vent; n = 8) were ventilated using a protocol that induces injury (VT targeting 15 ml/kg for 15 min, with no positive end-expiratory pressure) and were then maintained for another 105 min, and (2) ventilated + hAECs lambs (Vent+hAECs; n = 7) were similarly ventilated but received intravenous and intratracheal administration of 9 x 10(7) hAECs (18 x 10(7) hAECs total) at birth. Oxygenation and ventilation parameters were monitored in real time; cerebral oxygenation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy. qPCR (quantitative real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to assess inflammation, vascular leakage and astrogliosis in both the periventricular and subcortical WM of the frontal and parietal lobes. An unventilated control group (UVC; n = 5) was also used for qPCR analysis of gene expression. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare physiological data. Student s t test and one-way ANOVA were used for immunohistological and qPCR data comparisons, respectively. RESULTS: Respiratory parameters were not different between groups. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA levels in subcortical WM were lower in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.028). IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA levels in periventricular WM were higher in the Vent+hAECs group than the Vent group (p = 0.007 and p = 0.001, respectively). The density of Iba-1-positive microglia was lower

UR - http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/371415

U2 - 10.1159/000371415

DO - 10.1159/000371415

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 338

EP - 348

JO - Developmental Neuroscience

JF - Developmental Neuroscience

SN - 0378-5866

IS - 4-5

ER -