How to combat long echoes in OFDM transmission schemes: sub-channel equalization or more powerful channel coding

E. Viterbo, K. Fazel

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The OFDM technique with guard-time, which has been proposed for terrestrial digital image and digital audio broadcasting applications in Europe, is an interesting approach to combat the frequency selectivity of the channel. However, it is sensitive to the interference caused by echoes longer than the guard-time. The aim of this article is twofold. First, the effects of the guard interval on a real case multi-path channel are analyzed for an OFDM transmission system. The system performance is analytically derived as a function of the guard interval. The sensitivity of the OFDM system to the interference caused by echoes exceeding the guard-time is analyzed. The degradation due to the interference can be restored by applying two different techniques: using more powerful channel coding or employing sub-channel equalization. As channel coding, a combination of multilevel coding with multiresolution modulation, which is proposed for a digital terrestrial TV broadcasting [3], is used. The sub-channel equalizer is based on DFE, where its adaptation calls-upon the LMS-algorithm, using the reference symbols sent periodically. Simulation results show that using powerful channel coding, rather than equalization, can partly restore the degradation caused by a shorter guard-time.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE Global Telecommunications Conference 1995 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 14 Nov 199516 Nov 1995 (Proceedings)


ConferenceIEEE Global Telecommunications Conference 1995
Abbreviated titleIEEE GLOBECOM 1995
Internet address

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