Host cell kinases and the hepatitis C virus life cycle

Che C Colpitts, Joachim Lupberger, Christian D Doerig, Thomas F Baumert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection relies on virus-host interactions with human hepatocytes, a context in which host cell kinases play critical roles in every step of the HCV life cycle. During viral entry, cellular kinases, including EGFR, EphA2 and PKA, regulate the localization of host HCV entry factors and induce receptor complex assembly. Following virion internalization, viral genomes replicate on endoplasmic reticulum-derived membranous webs. The formation of membranous webs depends on interactions between the HCV NS5a protein and PI4KIIIalpha. The phosphorylation status of NS5a, regulated by PI4KIIIalpha, CKI and other kinases, also acts as a molecular switch to virion assembly, which takes place on lipid droplets. The formation of lipid droplets is enhanced by HCV activation of IKKalpha. In view of the multiple crucial steps in the viral life cycle that are mediated by host cell kinases, these enzymes also represent complementary targets for antiviral therapy. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Inhibitors of Protein Kinases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1657 - 1662
Number of pages6
JournalBBA Proteins and Proteomics
Volume1854
Issue number10 [Part B]
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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