Homology model for the human GSTT2 theta class glutathione transferase

G. Chelvanayagam, M. C.J. Wilce, M. W. Parker, K. L. Tan, P. G. Board

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Abstract

A tertiary model of the human GSTT2 Theta class glutathione transferase is presented based on the recently solved crystal structure of a related thetalike isoenzyme from Lucilia cuprina. Although the N-terminal domains are quite homologous, the C.terminal domains share less than about 20% identity. The model is used to consolidate the role of Ser 11 in the active site of the enzyme as well as to identify other residues and mechanisms of likely catalytic importance. The T2 subfamily of theta class enzymes have been shown to inactivate reactive sulfate esters arising from arylmethanols. A possible reaction pathway involving the conjugation of glutathione with one such sulfate ester, 1-menaphthyl-sulfate, is described. It is also proposed that the C-terminal region of the enzyme plays an important role in allowing substrate access to the active site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-130
Number of pages13
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • glutathione
  • glutathione transferases
  • homology modeling
  • menaphthyl sulfate
  • theta class GSTs

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