Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: comparison of immediate postoperative outcomes in patients with and without antithrombotic therapy

Conrad V Bishop, Heath Andrew Liddell, Joseph Ischia, Eldho Paul, Sree Appu, Mark Frydenberg, Trung A Pham

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To compare the immediate postoperative outcomes of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia undergoing Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HOLEP) with and without full anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy at the time of surgery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was performed on a series of consecutive patients undergoing HOLEP at our institution by a single surgeon from February 2004 to September 2010. Demographic, surgical, pathological and outcome data were collected. Two cohorts were identified on the basis of antithrombotic therapy at the time of surgery. Patients who continued on aspirin, aspirin/dipyridamole, clopidogrel and warfarin throughout the surgery were included in the antithrombotic cohort. Univariate analysis was performed to determine differences in outcomes between the 2 cohorts. Results: Total 125 consecutive patients underwent HOLEP with 52 patients on antithrombotic therapy at the time of surgery and 73 patients were not on antithrombotic therapy during surgery. Patients in the antithrombotic group were older (75.1 ?7.5 vs. 71.7 ? 8.3 years; p = 0.02) and had a higher median ASA physical status (3 (3-3) vs. 2 (2-3), p <0.0001). The mean operating time and median specimen volume were not significantly different between the 2 cohorts. The median length of stay (2 (1-3) vs. 1 (1-2) d, p = 0.014) was longer in the antithrombotic cohort. The transfusion rate (7.7 vs. 0 , p = 0.028) was predictably higher in the antithrombotic cohort. No patients required re-operation for bleeding. Conclusions: The use of HOLEP in patients on antithrombotic therapy is safe despite the higher surgical risk profile of that particular patient population and the potential increased risk for significant bleeding. ? 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Reaxys Database Information
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28 - 33
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Urology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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