Donor selection in lung transplantation (LTx) is historically based upon clinical urgency, ABO compatibility, and donor size. HLA matching is not routinely considered; however, the presence or later development of anti-HLA antibodies is associated with poorer outcomes, particularly chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). Using eplet mismatches, we aimed to determine whether donor/recipient HLA incompatibility was a significant predictor of CLAD. One hundred seventy-five LTx undertaken at the Alfred Hospital between 2008 and 2012 met criteria. Post-LTx monitoring was continued for at least 12 months, or until patient death. HLA typing was performed by sequence-based typing and Luminex sequence-specific oligonucleotide. Using HLAMatchmaker, eplet mismatches between each donor/recipient pairing were analyzed and correlated against incidences of CLAD. HLA-DRB1/3/4/5+DQA/B eplet mismatch was a significant predictor of CLAD (hazard ratio [HR] 3.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.71–8.29 p < 0.001). When bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS) were analyzed independently, HLA-DRB1/3/4/5 + DQA/B eplet mismatch was shown to significantly predict RAS (HR 8.3, 95% CI: 2.46–27.97 p < 0.001) but not BOS (HR 1.92, 95% CI: 0.64–5.72, p = 0.237). HLA-A/B eplet mismatch was shown not to be a significant predictor when analyzed independently but did provide additional stratification of results. This study illustrates the importance of epitope immunogenicity in defining donor–recipient immune compatibility in LTx.
- basic (laboratory) research/science
- bronchiolitis obliterans (BOS)
- clinical research/practice
- lung (allograft) function/dysfunction
- lung transplantation/pulmonology
- major histocompatibility complex (MHC)
- organ transplantation in general