HLA-DR15-specific inhibition attenuates autoreactivity to the Goodpasture antigen

Megan Huynh, Peter J. Eggenhuizen, Gary L. Olson, N. Bhaskara Rao, Christopher R. Self, Yanjun Sun, Stephen R. Holdsworth, A. Richard Kitching, Joshua D. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Goodpasture's disease manifests as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Current immunosuppressive treatments do not specifically target the pathological immune response and have significant side effects. Like most autoimmune diseases, the strongest genetic association is with the HLA alleles. Inheritance of HLA-DR15 confers susceptibility, and structure-function studies have shown that HLA-DR15 plays a causative role in activating autoreactive pro-inflammatory T cells. Thus, specific inhibition of HLA-DR15 would provide a targeted therapeutic approach. We hypothesised that PV-267, an HLA-DR15-specific inhibitor, would effectively block HLA-DR15 presentation of the dominant epitope, attenuate the activation of autoreactive T cells, and limit disease. Using humanised HLA-DR15 transgenic mice, α3135-145-specific, pro-inflammatory T cell recall responses were measured using IFN-γ and IL-17A ELISPOTs and by proliferation assay. To determine if PV-267 could limit disease, experimental autoimmune anti-GBM glomerulonephritis was induced in HLA-DR15 transgenic mice (on an Fcgr2b−/- background), and functional and histological disease endpoints were measured. PV-267 effectively inhibited α3135-145-specific immune responses and disease development. Mice treated prior to immunization with α3135-145 had reduced α3135-145-specific recall responses, and limited disease by albuminuria, histological glomerular injury, IgG deposition, and inflammatory cell infiltrates. PV-267 treatment commencing after the onset of active anti-α3(IV)NC1 autoimmunity attenuated functional and histological renal injury. When treatment was administered after disease was established, PV-267 limited the severity of histological injury. In conclusion, HLA-DR15 inhibition attenuates α3(IV)NC1-specific pro-inflammatory responses and could be used as an adjunct therapy for anti-GBM disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102276
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Anti-GBM
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Goodpasture
  • HLA
  • HLA-DR15
  • PV-267

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