HLA-B57 micropolymorphism defines the sequence and conformational breadth of the immunopeptidome

Patricia T. Illing, Phillip Pymm, Nathan P. Croft, Hugo G. Hilton, Vladimir Jojic, Alex S. Han, Juan L. Mendoza, Nicole A. Mifsud, Nadine L. Dudek, James McCluskey, Peter Parham, Jamie Rossjohn, Julian P. Vivian, Anthony W. Purcell

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Immunophenotypic differences between closely related human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles have been associated with divergent clinical outcomes in infection, autoimmunity, transplantation and drug hypersensitivity. Here we explore the impact of micropolymorphism on peptide antigen presentation by three closely related HLA molecules, HLA-B*57:01, HLA-B*57:03 and HLA-B*58:01, that are differentially associated with the HIV elite controller phenotype and adverse drug reactions. For each allotype, we mine HLA ligand data sets derived from the same parental cell proteome to define qualitative differences in peptide presentation using classical peptide binding motifs and an unbiased statistical approach. The peptide repertoires show marked qualitative overlap, with 982 peptides presented by all allomorphs. However, differences in peptide abundance, HLA-peptide stability, and HLA-bound conformation demonstrate that HLA micropolymorphism impacts more than simply the range of peptide ligands. These differences provide grounds for distinct immune reactivity and insights into the capacity of micropolymorphism to diversify immune outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4693
Number of pages13
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2018


  • cellular immunity
  • immunogenetics
  • immunological deficiency syndromes
  • MHC class I

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