As the number of HIV-positive travelers increases, so do the associated risks. Vaccines to consider before travel are the inactivated, polysaccharide, and subunit vaccines; live, attenuated vaccines can cause disease when immunity is impaired and are usually contraindicated in severely immunodeficient persons. Patients who are not receiving HAART may have a transient rise in HIV viral replication after some vaccinations. Vaccinations against Haemophilus influenzae type b and pneumococcal infections are recommended, since HIV-infected patients are more susceptible to these diseases than are HIV-negative persons. The clinical course of measles is more severe in HIV-infected patients, so proper inoculations should be confirmed. Influenza vaccination is recommended yearly for all HIV-positive persons over the age of 6 months.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Respiratory Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2002|