HIV-infected travelers: What precautions should they take?

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As the number of HIV-positive travelers increases, so do the associated risks. Vaccines to consider before travel are the inactivated, polysaccharide, and subunit vaccines; live, attenuated vaccines can cause disease when immunity is impaired and are usually contraindicated in severely immunodeficient persons. Patients who are not receiving HAART may have a transient rise in HIV viral replication after some vaccinations. Vaccinations against Haemophilus influenzae type b and pneumococcal infections are recommended, since HIV-infected patients are more susceptible to these diseases than are HIV-negative persons. The clinical course of measles is more severe in HIV-infected patients, so proper inoculations should be confirmed. Influenza vaccination is recommended yearly for all HIV-positive persons over the age of 6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-269
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Respiratory Diseases
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

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