Highly stretchable and strain-insensitive fiber-based wearable electrochemical biosensor to monitor glucose in the sweat

Yunmeng Zhao, Qingfeng Zhai, Dashen Dong, Tiance An, Shu Gong, Qianqian Shi, Wenlong Cheng

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Development of high-performance fiber-shaped wearable sensors is of great significance for next-generation smart textiles for real-time and out-of-clinic health monitoring. The previous focus has been mainly on monitoring physical parameters such as pressure and strains associated with human activities. Development of an enzyme-based non-invasive wearable electrochemical sensor to monitor biochemical vital signs of health such as the glucose level in sweat has attracted increasing attention recently, due to the unmet clinical needs for the diabetic patients. To achieve this, the key challenge lies in the design of a highly stretchable fiber with high conductivity, facile enzyme immobilization, and strain-insensitive properties. Herein, we demonstrate an elastic gold fiber-based three-electrode electrochemical platform that can meet the aforementioned criteria toward wearable textile glucose biosensing. The gold fiber could be functionalized with Prussian blue and glucose oxidase to obtain the working electrode and modified by Ag/AgCl to serve as the reference electrode; and the nonmodified gold fiber could serve as the counter electrode. The as-fabricated textile glucose biosensors achieved a linear range of 0-500 μM and a sensitivity of 11.7 μA mM -1 cm -2 . Importantly, such sensing performance could be maintained even under a large strain of 200%, indicating the potential applications in real-world wearable biochemical diagnostics from human sweat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6569-6576
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019

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