Highly permeable thermally rearranged polymer composite membranes with a graphene oxide scaffold for gas separation

Seungju Kim, Jue Hou, Yuqi Wang, Ranwen Ou, George P. Simon, Jong Geun Seong, Young Moo Lee, Huanting Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Thermally rearranged (TR) polymers are an important class of microporous polymers with remarkable gas transport performance, particularly suitable for CO2 permeation and separation over large gas molecules. The fabrication of TR polymers into ultrathin membranes is highly desirable for practical application, but it is very challenging. In this work, a 2D scaffold of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets was formed inside a TR polymer to assist the fabrication of a defect-free and ultrathin (less than 40 nm) selective layer of thermally rearranged polybenzoxazole-co-imide (TR-PBOI) membranes for energy-efficient CO2 separation. The GO scaffold inside the polymer phase not only enabled the formation of the ultrathin selective layer of TR-PBOI, but also provided mechanical robustness. The resulting membrane showed remarkable gas permeance, while maintaining the gas selectivity of the pristine polymer. In particular, it had a CO2 permeance of 1784 GPU and a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 32, whereas the freestanding TR-PBOI membrane only exhibited a CO2 permeance of 3.7 GPU with a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 35. In other words, the rGO-PBOI (TR-PBOI with reduced GO) membrane has 482 times higher CO2 permeance than the TR-PBOI freestanding membrane at a similar CO2/CH4 selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7668-7674
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2018

Cite this

@article{86526beab0c941df9df72a0c5bf02b37,
title = "Highly permeable thermally rearranged polymer composite membranes with a graphene oxide scaffold for gas separation",
abstract = "Thermally rearranged (TR) polymers are an important class of microporous polymers with remarkable gas transport performance, particularly suitable for CO2 permeation and separation over large gas molecules. The fabrication of TR polymers into ultrathin membranes is highly desirable for practical application, but it is very challenging. In this work, a 2D scaffold of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets was formed inside a TR polymer to assist the fabrication of a defect-free and ultrathin (less than 40 nm) selective layer of thermally rearranged polybenzoxazole-co-imide (TR-PBOI) membranes for energy-efficient CO2 separation. The GO scaffold inside the polymer phase not only enabled the formation of the ultrathin selective layer of TR-PBOI, but also provided mechanical robustness. The resulting membrane showed remarkable gas permeance, while maintaining the gas selectivity of the pristine polymer. In particular, it had a CO2 permeance of 1784 GPU and a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 32, whereas the freestanding TR-PBOI membrane only exhibited a CO2 permeance of 3.7 GPU with a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 35. In other words, the rGO-PBOI (TR-PBOI with reduced GO) membrane has 482 times higher CO2 permeance than the TR-PBOI freestanding membrane at a similar CO2/CH4 selectivity.",
author = "Seungju Kim and Jue Hou and Yuqi Wang and Ranwen Ou and Simon, {George P.} and Seong, {Jong Geun} and Lee, {Young Moo} and Huanting Wang",
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language = "English",
volume = "6",
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journal = "Journal of Materials Chemistry A",
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publisher = "The Royal Society of Chemistry",
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Highly permeable thermally rearranged polymer composite membranes with a graphene oxide scaffold for gas separation. / Kim, Seungju; Hou, Jue; Wang, Yuqi; Ou, Ranwen; Simon, George P.; Seong, Jong Geun; Lee, Young Moo; Wang, Huanting.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, No. 17, 07.05.2018, p. 7668-7674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Highly permeable thermally rearranged polymer composite membranes with a graphene oxide scaffold for gas separation

AU - Kim, Seungju

AU - Hou, Jue

AU - Wang, Yuqi

AU - Ou, Ranwen

AU - Simon, George P.

AU - Seong, Jong Geun

AU - Lee, Young Moo

AU - Wang, Huanting

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AB - Thermally rearranged (TR) polymers are an important class of microporous polymers with remarkable gas transport performance, particularly suitable for CO2 permeation and separation over large gas molecules. The fabrication of TR polymers into ultrathin membranes is highly desirable for practical application, but it is very challenging. In this work, a 2D scaffold of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets was formed inside a TR polymer to assist the fabrication of a defect-free and ultrathin (less than 40 nm) selective layer of thermally rearranged polybenzoxazole-co-imide (TR-PBOI) membranes for energy-efficient CO2 separation. The GO scaffold inside the polymer phase not only enabled the formation of the ultrathin selective layer of TR-PBOI, but also provided mechanical robustness. The resulting membrane showed remarkable gas permeance, while maintaining the gas selectivity of the pristine polymer. In particular, it had a CO2 permeance of 1784 GPU and a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 32, whereas the freestanding TR-PBOI membrane only exhibited a CO2 permeance of 3.7 GPU with a CO2/CH4 selectivity of 35. In other words, the rGO-PBOI (TR-PBOI with reduced GO) membrane has 482 times higher CO2 permeance than the TR-PBOI freestanding membrane at a similar CO2/CH4 selectivity.

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