Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol

Jin Liu, Jianfeng Yao, Huanting Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

Abstract

This paper reports the preparation of microporous carbon (MC) nanoparticles (25-90 nm) and spheres (260-320 nm) by carbonization of poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) particles from furfuryl alcohol. Two synthetic routes were developed for forming "nonstick" PFA particles, which include (1) using silica as temporary barrier to isolate surface-reactive PFA nanoparticles and (2) a two-step polymerization of furfuryl alcohol (FA) involving slow polymerization (1 st step) and sphere formation (2 nd step). The high dispersibility of the MC spheres was realized by removing surface functional groups of the PFA spheres with the evaporation-induced concentrated sulfuric acid (2 nd step). Both routes were effective in preventing irreversible aggregation of nanoparticles and spheres. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, photon correlation spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption were used to characterize the nanoparticles and spheres. The MC nanoparticles and spheres obtained showed good dispersibility in water and various organic solvents. They had a micropore volume of 0.13-0.14 cm 3/g, and a pore size of 0.49-0.56 nm. This synthetic routes presented here are very efficient for large-scale synthesis of MC nanoparticles and spheres.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings
EditorsM. Laudon, B. Romanowicz
Pages171-174
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 - Anaheim, CA, United States of America
Duration: 8 May 200512 May 2005

Publication series

Name2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings

Conference

Conference2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005
CountryUnited States of America
CityAnaheim, CA
Period8/05/0512/05/05

Keywords

  • Carbonization
  • Furfuryl alcohol
  • Microporous carbon
  • Nanoparticle
  • Sphere

Cite this

Liu, J., Yao, J., & Wang, H. (2005). Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol. In M. Laudon, & B. Romanowicz (Eds.), 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings (pp. 171-174). (2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings).
Liu, Jin ; Yao, Jianfeng ; Wang, Huanting. / Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol. 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings. editor / M. Laudon ; B. Romanowicz. 2005. pp. 171-174 (2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings).
@inproceedings{e0509ca565474299898292d81410e480,
title = "Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol",
abstract = "This paper reports the preparation of microporous carbon (MC) nanoparticles (25-90 nm) and spheres (260-320 nm) by carbonization of poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) particles from furfuryl alcohol. Two synthetic routes were developed for forming {"}nonstick{"} PFA particles, which include (1) using silica as temporary barrier to isolate surface-reactive PFA nanoparticles and (2) a two-step polymerization of furfuryl alcohol (FA) involving slow polymerization (1 st step) and sphere formation (2 nd step). The high dispersibility of the MC spheres was realized by removing surface functional groups of the PFA spheres with the evaporation-induced concentrated sulfuric acid (2 nd step). Both routes were effective in preventing irreversible aggregation of nanoparticles and spheres. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, photon correlation spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption were used to characterize the nanoparticles and spheres. The MC nanoparticles and spheres obtained showed good dispersibility in water and various organic solvents. They had a micropore volume of 0.13-0.14 cm 3/g, and a pore size of 0.49-0.56 nm. This synthetic routes presented here are very efficient for large-scale synthesis of MC nanoparticles and spheres.",
keywords = "Carbonization, Furfuryl alcohol, Microporous carbon, Nanoparticle, Sphere",
author = "Jin Liu and Jianfeng Yao and Huanting Wang",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "0976798514",
series = "2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings",
pages = "171--174",
editor = "M. Laudon and B. Romanowicz",
booktitle = "2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings",

}

Liu, J, Yao, J & Wang, H 2005, Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol. in M Laudon & B Romanowicz (eds), 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings. 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings, pp. 171-174, 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005, Anaheim, CA, United States of America, 8/05/05.

Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol. / Liu, Jin; Yao, Jianfeng; Wang, Huanting.

2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings. ed. / M. Laudon; B. Romanowicz. 2005. p. 171-174 (2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

TY - GEN

T1 - Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol

AU - Liu, Jin

AU - Yao, Jianfeng

AU - Wang, Huanting

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - This paper reports the preparation of microporous carbon (MC) nanoparticles (25-90 nm) and spheres (260-320 nm) by carbonization of poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) particles from furfuryl alcohol. Two synthetic routes were developed for forming "nonstick" PFA particles, which include (1) using silica as temporary barrier to isolate surface-reactive PFA nanoparticles and (2) a two-step polymerization of furfuryl alcohol (FA) involving slow polymerization (1 st step) and sphere formation (2 nd step). The high dispersibility of the MC spheres was realized by removing surface functional groups of the PFA spheres with the evaporation-induced concentrated sulfuric acid (2 nd step). Both routes were effective in preventing irreversible aggregation of nanoparticles and spheres. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, photon correlation spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption were used to characterize the nanoparticles and spheres. The MC nanoparticles and spheres obtained showed good dispersibility in water and various organic solvents. They had a micropore volume of 0.13-0.14 cm 3/g, and a pore size of 0.49-0.56 nm. This synthetic routes presented here are very efficient for large-scale synthesis of MC nanoparticles and spheres.

AB - This paper reports the preparation of microporous carbon (MC) nanoparticles (25-90 nm) and spheres (260-320 nm) by carbonization of poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) particles from furfuryl alcohol. Two synthetic routes were developed for forming "nonstick" PFA particles, which include (1) using silica as temporary barrier to isolate surface-reactive PFA nanoparticles and (2) a two-step polymerization of furfuryl alcohol (FA) involving slow polymerization (1 st step) and sphere formation (2 nd step). The high dispersibility of the MC spheres was realized by removing surface functional groups of the PFA spheres with the evaporation-induced concentrated sulfuric acid (2 nd step). Both routes were effective in preventing irreversible aggregation of nanoparticles and spheres. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, photon correlation spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption were used to characterize the nanoparticles and spheres. The MC nanoparticles and spheres obtained showed good dispersibility in water and various organic solvents. They had a micropore volume of 0.13-0.14 cm 3/g, and a pore size of 0.49-0.56 nm. This synthetic routes presented here are very efficient for large-scale synthesis of MC nanoparticles and spheres.

KW - Carbonization

KW - Furfuryl alcohol

KW - Microporous carbon

KW - Nanoparticle

KW - Sphere

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=32144459680&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference Paper

SN - 0976798514

SN - 9780976798514

T3 - 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings

SP - 171

EP - 174

BT - 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings

A2 - Laudon, M.

A2 - Romanowicz, B.

ER -

Liu J, Yao J, Wang H. Highly dispersible microporous carbon particles from furfuryl alcohol. In Laudon M, Romanowicz B, editors, 2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings. 2005. p. 171-174. (2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2005 Technical Proceedings).