High volume injection with and without corticosteroid in chronic midportion achilles tendinopathy

Anders P. Boesen, Henning Langberg, Rudi Hansen, Peter Malliaras, Morten I. Boesen

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Abstract

Background: High volume injection (HVI) shows promising results in the treatment of chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT). HVI consists of a large volume of saline with a small amount of corticosteroid and local anesthetic. Objective: To determine the effect of corticosteroid in HVI in AT. Methods: A total of 28 men (18-59 years) with chronic (>3 months) AT were included in a double-blinded RCT and followed for 24 weeks. All performed eccentric training and randomized to either (a) HVI injection with corticosteroid or (b) HVI injection without corticosteroid. Outcomes included self-reported function (VISA-A score) and pain (VAS score) and ultrasound imaging (tendon thickness, Doppler flow). Results: VISA-A and VAS score improved in both groups at all time-points (P < 0.05). VISA-A improvement was significantly greater in HVI with corticosteroid (mean ± SEM; 6-weeks = 31 ± 3 points; 12-weeks = 32 ± 5 points) vs HVI without corticosteroid (6 weeks = 14 ± 3; 12-weeks = 17 ± 3) at 6 and 12 weeks (P < 0.05), but not at 24 weeks. Decrease in VAS scores was significantly greater in HVI with corticosteroid (6 weeks = 55 ± 3 mm; 12 weeks = 53 ± 5 mm) vs HVI without corticosteroid (6 weeks = 16 ± 3 mm; 12 weeks = 25 ± 5 mm) at 6 and 12 weeks (P < 0.05) but not at 24 weeks. Tendon thickness decreased significantly in both groups at all time-points (P < 0.05), but more in the HVI with corticosteroid vs HVI without corticosteroid at 6 and 12 weeks (P < 0.05) but not at 24 weeks. Conclusion: High volume injection with or without corticosteroid in combination with eccentric training seems effective in AT. HVI with corticosteroid showed a better short-term improvement than HVI without corticosteroid indicating a short-term effect of corticosteroid in HVI treatment of AT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1231
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • color Doppler
  • eccentric training
  • tendon overuse injury
  • ultrasound imaging
  • VISA-A score

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