As part of the revolution in electrochemical nanoscience, there is growing interest in using electrochemistry to create nanostructured materials and to assess properties at the nanoscale. Herein, we present a platform that combines scanning electrochemical cell microscopy with ex situ scanning transmission electron microscopy to allow the ready creation of an array of nanostructures coupled with atomic-scale analysis. As an illustrative example, we explore the electrodeposition of Pt at carbon-coated transmission electron microscopy (TEM) grid supports, where in a single high-throughput experiment it is shown that Pt nanoparticle (PtNP) density increases and size polydispersity decreases with increasing overpotential (i.e., driving force). Furthermore, the coexistence of a range of nanostructures, from single atoms to aggregates of crystalline PtNPs, during the early stages of electrochemical nucleation and growth supports a nonclassical aggregative growth mechanism. Beyond this exemplary system, the presented correlative electrochemistry-microscopy approach is generally applicable to solve ubiquitous structure-function problems in electrochemical science and beyond, positioning it as a powerful platform for the rational design of functional nanomaterials.