High-speed optical measurements of an underexpanded supersonic jet impinging on an inclined plate

Adam Risborg, Julio Soria

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26 Citations (Scopus)


A series of ultra-high-speed Schlieren and shadowgraphy images are captured at 1,000,000 frames per second to characterise eight instability modes that exist for an underexpanded supersonic jet as it impinges on perpendicular and inclined surfaces. The use of these high-speed imaging techniques allows the visualisation of these instabilities in real time, without the need to employ phase-locked methods as has been done previously. It is found that the axial instability modes show a greater degree of oscillation than the helical modes, and that the degree of oscillation increases as the impingement distance is reduced. Evidence is also presented that suggests an acoustic feedback loop exists within inclined impinging jets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71261F
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • High-speed
  • Inclined impingement
  • Schlieren
  • Shadowgraphy
  • Shock instabilities
  • Underexpanded jet

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