High-Reynolds-number wall-modelled large eddy simulations of turbulent pipe flows using explicit and implicit subgrid stress treatments within a spectral element solver

Esteban Ferrer, N. Saito, H. M. Blackburn, D. I. Pullin

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We present explicit and implicit large eddy simulations for fully developed turbulent pipe flows using a continuous-Galerkin spectral element solver. On the one hand, the explicit stretched-vortex model (by Misra and Pullin [45] and Chung and Pullin [14]), accounts for an explicit treatment of unresolved stresses and is adapted to the high-order solver. On the other hand, an implicit approach based on a spectral vanishing viscosity technique is implemented. The latter implicit technique is modified to incorporate Chung & Pullin virtual-wall model instead of relying on implicit dissipative mechanisms near walls. This near-wall model is derived by averaging in the wall-normal direction and relying in local inner scaling to treat the time-dependence of the filtered wall-parallel velocity. The model requires space-time varying Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions for velocity and pressure respectively. We provide results and comparisons for the explicit and implicit subgrid treatments and show that both provide favourable results for pipe flows at Reτ=2×103 and Reτ=1.8×105 in terms of turbulence statistics. Additionally, we conclude that implicit simulations are enhanced when including the wall model and provide the correct statistics near walls.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104239
Number of pages13
JournalComputers and Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2019


  • Chung & Pullin model
  • Large eddy simulation
  • Spectral vanishing viscosity (SVV)
  • Stretched-vortex model
  • Turbulent pipe flow
  • Virtual-wall model
  • Wall model

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