High resolution structure of cleaved Serpin 42 Da from Drosophila melanogaster

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Drosophila melanogaster Serpin 42 Da gene (previously Serpin 4) encodes a serine protease inhibitor that is capable of remarkable functional diversity through the alternative splicing of four different reactive centre loop exons. Eight protein isoforms of Serpin 42 Da have been identified to date, targeting the protease inhibitor to both different proteases and cellular locations. Biochemical and genetic studies suggest that Serpin 42 Da inhibits target proteases through the classical serpin suicide inhibition mechanism, however the crystal structure of a representative Serpin 42 Da isoform remains to be determined. RESULTS: We report two high-resolution crystal structures of Serpin 42 Da representing the A/B isoforms in the cleaved conformation, belonging to two different space-groups and diffracting to 1.7 A and 1.8 A. Structural analysis reveals the archetypal serpin fold, with the major elements of secondary structure displaying significant homology to the vertebrate serpin, neuroserpin. Key residues known to have central roles in the serpin inhibitory mechanism are conserved in both the hinge and shutter regions of Serpin 42 Da. Furthermore, these structures identify important conserved interactions that appear to be of crucial importance in allowing the Serpin 42 Da fold to act as a versatile template for multiple reactive centre loops that have different sequences and protease specificities. CONCLUSIONS: In combination with previous biochemical and genetic studies, these structures confirm for the first time that the Serpin 42 Da isoforms are typical inhibitory serpin family members with the conserved serpin fold and inhibitory mechanism. Additionally, these data reveal the remarkable structural plasticity of serpins, whereby the basic fold is harnessed as a template for inhibition of a large spectrum of proteases by reactive centre loop exon switching . This is the first structure of a Drosophila serpin reported to date, and will provide a platform for future mutational studies in Drosophila to ascertain the functional role of each of the Serpin 42 Da isoforms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14
Pages (from-to)1 - 8
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Structural Biology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

@article{3fc9ce2fbf04414e9d24bbbb74c85df9,
title = "High resolution structure of cleaved Serpin 42 Da from Drosophila melanogaster",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The Drosophila melanogaster Serpin 42 Da gene (previously Serpin 4) encodes a serine protease inhibitor that is capable of remarkable functional diversity through the alternative splicing of four different reactive centre loop exons. Eight protein isoforms of Serpin 42 Da have been identified to date, targeting the protease inhibitor to both different proteases and cellular locations. Biochemical and genetic studies suggest that Serpin 42 Da inhibits target proteases through the classical serpin suicide inhibition mechanism, however the crystal structure of a representative Serpin 42 Da isoform remains to be determined. RESULTS: We report two high-resolution crystal structures of Serpin 42 Da representing the A/B isoforms in the cleaved conformation, belonging to two different space-groups and diffracting to 1.7 A and 1.8 A. Structural analysis reveals the archetypal serpin fold, with the major elements of secondary structure displaying significant homology to the vertebrate serpin, neuroserpin. Key residues known to have central roles in the serpin inhibitory mechanism are conserved in both the hinge and shutter regions of Serpin 42 Da. Furthermore, these structures identify important conserved interactions that appear to be of crucial importance in allowing the Serpin 42 Da fold to act as a versatile template for multiple reactive centre loops that have different sequences and protease specificities. CONCLUSIONS: In combination with previous biochemical and genetic studies, these structures confirm for the first time that the Serpin 42 Da isoforms are typical inhibitory serpin family members with the conserved serpin fold and inhibitory mechanism. Additionally, these data reveal the remarkable structural plasticity of serpins, whereby the basic fold is harnessed as a template for inhibition of a large spectrum of proteases by reactive centre loop exon switching . This is the first structure of a Drosophila serpin reported to date, and will provide a platform for future mutational studies in Drosophila to ascertain the functional role of each of the Serpin 42 Da isoforms.",
author = "Ellisdon, {Andrew M} and Qingwei Zhang and Bennett, {Michelle Ann} and Johnson, {Travis K} and Warr, {Coral G} and Law, {Ruby Hong Ping} and Whisstock, {James C}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/1472-6807-14-14",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "1 -- 8",
journal = "BMC Structural Biology",
issn = "1472-6807",
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}

High resolution structure of cleaved Serpin 42 Da from Drosophila melanogaster. / Ellisdon, Andrew M; Zhang, Qingwei; Bennett, Michelle Ann; Johnson, Travis K; Warr, Coral G; Law, Ruby Hong Ping; Whisstock, James C.

In: BMC Structural Biology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 14, 2014, p. 1 - 8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - High resolution structure of cleaved Serpin 42 Da from Drosophila melanogaster

AU - Ellisdon, Andrew M

AU - Zhang, Qingwei

AU - Bennett, Michelle Ann

AU - Johnson, Travis K

AU - Warr, Coral G

AU - Law, Ruby Hong Ping

AU - Whisstock, James C

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: The Drosophila melanogaster Serpin 42 Da gene (previously Serpin 4) encodes a serine protease inhibitor that is capable of remarkable functional diversity through the alternative splicing of four different reactive centre loop exons. Eight protein isoforms of Serpin 42 Da have been identified to date, targeting the protease inhibitor to both different proteases and cellular locations. Biochemical and genetic studies suggest that Serpin 42 Da inhibits target proteases through the classical serpin suicide inhibition mechanism, however the crystal structure of a representative Serpin 42 Da isoform remains to be determined. RESULTS: We report two high-resolution crystal structures of Serpin 42 Da representing the A/B isoforms in the cleaved conformation, belonging to two different space-groups and diffracting to 1.7 A and 1.8 A. Structural analysis reveals the archetypal serpin fold, with the major elements of secondary structure displaying significant homology to the vertebrate serpin, neuroserpin. Key residues known to have central roles in the serpin inhibitory mechanism are conserved in both the hinge and shutter regions of Serpin 42 Da. Furthermore, these structures identify important conserved interactions that appear to be of crucial importance in allowing the Serpin 42 Da fold to act as a versatile template for multiple reactive centre loops that have different sequences and protease specificities. CONCLUSIONS: In combination with previous biochemical and genetic studies, these structures confirm for the first time that the Serpin 42 Da isoforms are typical inhibitory serpin family members with the conserved serpin fold and inhibitory mechanism. Additionally, these data reveal the remarkable structural plasticity of serpins, whereby the basic fold is harnessed as a template for inhibition of a large spectrum of proteases by reactive centre loop exon switching . This is the first structure of a Drosophila serpin reported to date, and will provide a platform for future mutational studies in Drosophila to ascertain the functional role of each of the Serpin 42 Da isoforms.

AB - BACKGROUND: The Drosophila melanogaster Serpin 42 Da gene (previously Serpin 4) encodes a serine protease inhibitor that is capable of remarkable functional diversity through the alternative splicing of four different reactive centre loop exons. Eight protein isoforms of Serpin 42 Da have been identified to date, targeting the protease inhibitor to both different proteases and cellular locations. Biochemical and genetic studies suggest that Serpin 42 Da inhibits target proteases through the classical serpin suicide inhibition mechanism, however the crystal structure of a representative Serpin 42 Da isoform remains to be determined. RESULTS: We report two high-resolution crystal structures of Serpin 42 Da representing the A/B isoforms in the cleaved conformation, belonging to two different space-groups and diffracting to 1.7 A and 1.8 A. Structural analysis reveals the archetypal serpin fold, with the major elements of secondary structure displaying significant homology to the vertebrate serpin, neuroserpin. Key residues known to have central roles in the serpin inhibitory mechanism are conserved in both the hinge and shutter regions of Serpin 42 Da. Furthermore, these structures identify important conserved interactions that appear to be of crucial importance in allowing the Serpin 42 Da fold to act as a versatile template for multiple reactive centre loops that have different sequences and protease specificities. CONCLUSIONS: In combination with previous biochemical and genetic studies, these structures confirm for the first time that the Serpin 42 Da isoforms are typical inhibitory serpin family members with the conserved serpin fold and inhibitory mechanism. Additionally, these data reveal the remarkable structural plasticity of serpins, whereby the basic fold is harnessed as a template for inhibition of a large spectrum of proteases by reactive centre loop exon switching . This is the first structure of a Drosophila serpin reported to date, and will provide a platform for future mutational studies in Drosophila to ascertain the functional role of each of the Serpin 42 Da isoforms.

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4006314/pdf/1472-6807-14-14.pdf

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6807-14-14

DO - 10.1186/1472-6807-14-14

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - BMC Structural Biology

JF - BMC Structural Biology

SN - 1472-6807

IS - 1

M1 - 14

ER -