High-resolution motor state detection in Parkinson's disease using convolutional neural networks

Franz M.J. Pfister, Terry Taewoong Um, Daniel C. Pichler, Jann Goschenhofer, Kian Abedinpour, Muriel Lang, Satoshi Endo, Andres O. Ceballos-Baumann, Sandra Hirche, Bernd Bischl, Dana Kulić, Urban M. Fietzek

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Patients with advanced Parkinson's disease regularly experience unstable motor states. Objective and reliable monitoring of these fluctuations is an unmet need. We used deep learning to classify motion data from a single wrist-worn IMU sensor recording in unscripted environments. For validation purposes, patients were accompanied by a movement disorder expert, and their motor state was passively evaluated every minute. We acquired a dataset of 8,661 minutes of IMU data from 30 patients, with annotations about the motor state (OFF,ON, DYSKINETIC) based on MDS-UPDRS global bradykinesia item and the AIMS upper limb dyskinesia item. Using a 1-minute window size as an input for a convolutional neural network trained on data from a subset of patients, we achieved a three-class balanced accuracy of 0.654 on data from previously unseen subjects. This corresponds to detecting the OFF, ON, or DYSKINETIC motor state at a sensitivity/specificity of 0.64/0.89, 0.67/0.67 and 0.64/0.89, respectively. On average, the model outputs were highly correlated with the annotation on a per subject scale (r = 0.83/0.84; p < 0.0001), and sustained so for the highly resolved time windows of 1 minute (r = 0.64/0.70; p < 0.0001). Thus, we demonstrate the feasibility of long-term motor-state detection in a free-living setting with deep learning using motion data from a single IMU.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5860
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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