High rates of potentially infectious exposures between immunocompromised patients and their companion animals: an unmet need for education

Greta A. Gurry, Veronique Campion, Chamath Premawardena, Ian Woolley, Jake Shortt, Donald K. Bowden, Zane Kaplan, Claire Dendle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A cross-sectional survey of 265 adult patients with haematological malignancy, haemoglobinopathy or human immunodeficiency virus was performed to determine the potential risk of infection from animal exposures. One hundred and thirty-seven (52%) owned an animal; the majority were dogs (74%) and cats (39%), but 14% owned birds and 3% reptiles. Eighty percent engaged in behaviour with their animals that potentially put them at risk of zoonotic infections. The most frequent behaviours were picking up animal faeces 72 (52%), cleaning animal areas 69 (50%) and allowing animals to sleep in the same bed 51 (37%). Twenty-eight percent allowed the animal to lick their face. Of all patients, 80 (30%) had been bitten or scratched by an animal. Only 16% of those who owned pets could recall receiving education regarding safe behaviours around animals. These immunocompromised patients are at risk of infection through exposure to pets. Our study highlights the need for increased education of patients regarding how to remain safe around their pets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-335
Number of pages3
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • haematological malignancy
  • HIV
  • immunocompromised
  • pets
  • thalassaemia
  • zoonoses

Cite this

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title = "High rates of potentially infectious exposures between immunocompromised patients and their companion animals: an unmet need for education",
abstract = "A cross-sectional survey of 265 adult patients with haematological malignancy, haemoglobinopathy or human immunodeficiency virus was performed to determine the potential risk of infection from animal exposures. One hundred and thirty-seven (52{\%}) owned an animal; the majority were dogs (74{\%}) and cats (39{\%}), but 14{\%} owned birds and 3{\%} reptiles. Eighty percent engaged in behaviour with their animals that potentially put them at risk of zoonotic infections. The most frequent behaviours were picking up animal faeces 72 (52{\%}), cleaning animal areas 69 (50{\%}) and allowing animals to sleep in the same bed 51 (37{\%}). Twenty-eight percent allowed the animal to lick their face. Of all patients, 80 (30{\%}) had been bitten or scratched by an animal. Only 16{\%} of those who owned pets could recall receiving education regarding safe behaviours around animals. These immunocompromised patients are at risk of infection through exposure to pets. Our study highlights the need for increased education of patients regarding how to remain safe around their pets.",
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High rates of potentially infectious exposures between immunocompromised patients and their companion animals : an unmet need for education. / Gurry, Greta A.; Campion, Veronique; Premawardena, Chamath; Woolley, Ian; Shortt, Jake; Bowden, Donald K.; Kaplan, Zane; Dendle, Claire.

In: Internal Medicine Journal, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 333-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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