High pressure thermal conductivity measurements of ternary (methane + propane + heptane) mixtures with a transient hot-wire apparatus

Dongchan Kim, Saif Z.S. Al Ghafri, Xiaoxian Yang, Sofia K. Mylona, Thomas J. Hughes, Luke McElroy, Eric F. May

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The prediction of thermophysical properties for hydrocarbon mixtures at high pressures, and conditions near the phase boundary or critical point is challenging. However, natural gas processing applications have an increasing need for reliable property predictions at such conditions. In this work, thermal conductivity measurements of three ternary mixtures (methane + propane with heptane at concentration up to 15 mol%) were carried out with a transient hot-wire apparatus. Measurements of the three ternary mixtures were conducted over the temperature range from (199.1 to 424.2) K and the pressure range between (10.41 and 31.55) MPa at single phase conditions with a relative combined expanded uncertainty (k = 2) between 0.015 and 0.056. The measured values were compared to predictions made with the extended corresponding states (ECS) model and SUPERTRAPP model implemented in the software packages REFPROP 10 and MultiFlash 6.2, respectively. The relative deviations of the measured thermal conductivities from the model predictions were (− 5.7 to + 2.4) % for the ECS model and (− 21.1 to − 0.6) % for the SUPERTRAPP model. This indicates the latter, older model should not be used to estimate natural gas thermal conductivities, particularly at high pressure conditions, while the ECS model is capable of representing the data within their uncertainty with no parameter tuning required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2021


  • Heptane
  • Methane
  • Propane
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Transient hot-wire

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