This article examines the role of quality of working life (QWL) in the relationships between high-performance work systems (HPWSs) and employee in-role performance and extra-role behavior. Using the data from 1,051 teachers and their immediate supervisors in 63 Chinese schools, we performed multilevel analysis to test meso-mediation models. The results showed that HPWSs directly and indirectly influence teachers' in-role performance and extra-role behavior through the mediation of QWL. These findings demonstrate that QWL is an important conduit of the relationships between HPWSs and employee work behaviors. The article concludes by discussing the implications for management and future research.
- Extra-role behavior
- High-performance work systems (HPWSs)
- In-role performance
- Quality of working life