High-performance work systems and organizational performance in emerging economies: evidence from MNEs in Turkey

Mehmet Demirbag, David G. Collings, Ekrem Tatoglu, Kamel Mellahi, Geoffrey Wood

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38 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the association between the usage of high-performance work systems (HPWS) by subsidiaries of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in Turkey and employee and subsidiary level outcomes. The study is based on a survey of 148 MNE subsidiaries operating in Turkey. The results show that the usage of HPWS has a significant positive impact on employee effectiveness. However, their impact on employee skills and development, and organizational financial performance are far less clear. Our findings highlight the extent to which HWPS need to be adapted to take account of context-specific institutional realities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-359
Number of pages35
JournalManagement International Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • High performance work systems (HPWS)
  • Institutional theory
  • Multinational enterprise (MNE)
  • Performance outcomes
  • Turkey

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