High-performance liquid chromatography of amino acids, peptides and proteins. XC. Investigations into the relationship between structure and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography retention behaviour of peptides related to human growth hormone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The gradient elution behaviour of eight synthetic peptides encompassing residues [6-13] of human growth hormone, i.e. Leu1-Ser-Arg-Leu-Phe-Asp-Asn-Ala8, has been investigated, by using an octadecylsilica, a butylsilica, and a polymeric fluorocarbon as stationary phases. Quantitative expressions, derived from the linear-solvent-strength theory and the general plate-height theory, were used to assess the influence of gradient time on the relative retention and bandwidths of these peptides. It was demonstrated that the chromatographic properties of the cyclised imide form involving Asp6 are consistent with the formation of a highly stabilised amphipathic helix, while the open-chain α- and β-rearranged forms eluted as less rigid structures. The putative hydrophobic contact region consists of two leucine residues and one phenylalanine residue. From an analysis of the retention and bandwidth data obtained at pH 9, a surface-induced molecualr reorientation of the β-linked peptides was observed, in which the repulsion of the aspartyl carboxyl group from the hydrophobic stationary phase directs the C-terminal moiety away from the sorbent surface. Furthermore, the fluorocarbon sorbent exhibited characteristics favourable for use in preparative purification of these peptides. The present results demonstrate the sensitivity of reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) to monitor small changes in the interactive behaviour of peptides with hydrocarbonaceous ligands and aquo-organic solvent combinations in reversed-phase systems. These observations further illustrate the general utility of HPLC for investigating the conformational behaviour of peptides at solid-liquid interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-123
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989

Cite this