High-performance liquid chromatographic procedure for the measurement of nitrobenzodiazepines and their 7-amino metabolites in blood

Michael D. Robertson, Olaf H. Drummer

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Abstract

A simple and sensitive HPLC method is described for the determination of the nitrobenzodiazepines, nitrazepam, flunitrazepam and clonazepam and their respective 7-amino metabolites in post-mortem blood. Using a single-step extraction the nitrobenzodiazepines were recovered from 0.5 ml of blood using butyl chloride. The solvent was evaporated to dryness and the reconstituted residue injected onto an HPLC system. Separation was achieved using a phenyl-bonded reversed-phase column with an acetonitrile-phosphate buffer mobile phase. Ultraviolet detection (240 nm) was used for quantitation. A linear response was observed between 0.01 and 0.60 mg/l. Assay precision between and within assays was less than 20% for all analytes. The limits of detection ranged from 0.001 to 0.008 mg/l with a limit of quantitation of 0.01 mg/l for all analytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography B - Biomedical Applications
Volume667
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 1995

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