High performance acidic water electrooxidation catalysed by manganese–antimony oxides promoted by secondary metals

Sibimol Luke, Manjunath Chatti, Darcy Simondson, Khang Ngoc Dinh, Brittany V. Kerr, Tam Nguyen, Gamze Yilmaz Kanargi, Bernt Johannessen, Douglas R. MacFarlane, Aswani Yella, Rosalie Hocking, Alexandr N. Simonov

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Herein, we demonstrate that introduction of secondary metals into the promising manganese–antimony oxide acidic water oxidation catalysts endows the resulting materials with superior activity and stability in operation. Using a simple solution-based method, we synthesised multi-metallic manganese antimonates [MnM + Sb]Ox with M = Ru, Co, Pb and Cr. All of the secondary metals examined notably increase the initial activity of the mixed oxides towards the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 at ambient temperature, though [MnCr + Sb]Ox and [MnRu + Sb]Ox were found to be less stable. In contrast, [MnCo + Sb]Ox, [MnPb + Sb]Ox and [MnCoPb + Sb]Ox maintained high stability and improved the overpotential required to achieve the water oxidation rate of 10 mA cm−2 by 0.040 ± 0.014, 0.08 ± 0.03 and 0.050 ± 0.014 V with respect to the parent [Mn + Sb]Ox catalyst, respectively. Similar improvements in performance were found after tests at elevated temperature of 60 ± 1 °C. The [MnPb + Sb]Ox system exhibits one of the highest activities for the OER at low pH reported for the noble-metal free catalysts so far, viz. 10 mA cm−2 OER at 0.60 ± 0.03 V overpotential at 24 ± 2 °C with a flat electrode. We ascribe this improved performance to the stabilising effect of lead oxides on the catalytically active manganese sites, which is demonstrated herein by in situ spectroelectrochemical X-ray absorption analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)730-741
Number of pages12
JournalEES Catalysis
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2023

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