High levels of genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum populations in Papua New Guinea despite variable infection prevalence

Alyssa E Barry, Lee Schultz, Nicholas Senn, Joe Nale, Benson Kiniboro, Peter Siba, Ivo Mueller, John C Reeder

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High levels of genetic diversity in Plasmodium falciparum populations are an obstacle to malaria control. Here, we investigate the relationship between local variation in malaria epidemiology and parasite genetic diversity in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Cross-sectional malaria surveys were performed in 14 villages spanning four distinct malaria-endemic areas on the north coast, including one area that was sampled during the dry season. High-resolution msp2 genotyping of 2,147 blood samples identified 761 P. falciparum infections containing a total of 1,392 clones whose genotypes were used to measure genetic diversity. Considerable variability in infection prevalence and mean multiplicity of infection was observed at all of the study sites, with the area sampled during the dry season showing particularly striking local variability. Genetic diversity was strongly associated with multiplicity of infection but not with infection prevalence. In highly endemic areas, differences in infection prevalence may not translate into a decrease in parasite population diversity. Copyright ? 2013 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718 - 725
Number of pages8
JournalThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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