High-level production of recombinant chicken interferon-γ by Brevibacillus choshinensis

Koji Yashiro, John W. Lowenthal, Terri E. O'Neil, Shogo Ebisu, Hiroaki Takagi, Robert J. Moore

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28 Citations (Scopus)


Cytokines, such as interferon-γ have been shown to have adjuvant and growth promoting activity in poultry and livestock and have the potential to be used as alternatives to antibiotics. We have developed an efficient system for commercial-scale synthesis of recombinant chicken interferon-γ (ChIFN-γ) using Brevibacillus choshinensis as the host for protein production. The ChIFN-γ expression vector, pNCIFN, was constructed using the novel Escherichia coli-B. choshinensis shuttle vector, pNCMO2. ChIFN-γ expression was optimized by investigating different culture conditions and different host B. choshinensis mutants. The highest level of production was observed using the B. choshinensis HPD31-MB2 strain grown at 30°C, where ChIFN-γ was produced at approximately 300-500 mg/ L. ChIFN-γ was also produced as a His-tagged fusion protein by using the pNCHis-IFN expression vector, a derivative of pNCMO2. The protein was constitutively secreted into the culture supernatant and could be partially purified in a single step using a Ninitrilotriacetic acid column. This recombinant HisChIFN-γ was shown to have the same biological activity as native ChIFN-γ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalProtein Expression and Purification
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


  • Adjuvant
  • Bacillus brevis
  • Brevibacillus choshinensis
  • Growth promoter
  • His tag
  • Interferon-γ

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