We examined effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) on human vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation under normal (5 mmol/l) and high (25 mmol/l) glucose concentrations. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) BB (20 ng/ml)-induced increases in DNA synthesis and proliferation were greater in high than normal glucose concentrations; the difference in DNA synthesis was abolished by a protein kinase C (PKC)-β inhibitor, LY-379196 (30 nmol/l). Western blotting showed that PKC-β1 protein increased in cells exposed to high glucose, whereas PKC-α protein and total PKC activity remained unchanged, compared with normal glucose cultures. In normal glucose, E2 (1-100 nmol/l) inhibited PDGF-induced DNA synthesis by 18-37% and cell proliferation by 16-22% in a concentration-dependent manner. The effects of E2 were blocked by the estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist ICI-182780, indicating ER dependence. In high glucose, the inhibitory effect of E2 on VSMC proliferation was abolished but was restored in the presence of the PKC-β inhibitor LY-379196. Thus high glucose enhances human VSMC proliferation and attenuates the antiproliferative effect of E2 in VSMC via activation of PKC-β.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||4 45-4|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Jun 2002|
- High glucose
- Protein kinase C-β
- Smooth muscle cells