Projects per year
Vδ2+ T cells play a critical role in immunity to micro-organisms and cancer but exhibit substantial heterogeneity in humans. Here, we demonstrate that CD26 and CD94 define transcriptionally, phenotypically, and functionally distinct Vδ2+ T cell subsets. Despite distinct antigen specificities, CD26hiCD94lo Vδ2+ cells exhibit substantial similarities to CD26hi mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, although CD26− Vδ2+ cells exhibit cytotoxic, effector-like profiles. At birth, the Vδ2+Vγ9+ population is dominated by CD26hiCD94lo cells; during adolescence and adulthood, Vδ2+ cells acquire CD94/NKG2A expression and the relative frequency of the CD26hiCD94lo subset declines. Critically, exposure of the CD26hiCD94lo subset to phosphoantigen in the context of interleukin-23 (IL-23) and CD26 engagement drives the acquisition of a cytotoxic program and concurrent loss of the MAIT cell-like phenotype. The ability to modulate the cytotoxic potential of CD26hiCD94lo Vδ2+ cells, combined with their adenosine-binding capacity, may make them ideal targets for immunotherapeutic expansion and adoptive transfer. Wragg et al. identify a population of human gd T cells with striking similarities to MAIT cells. These cells dominate the cord blood Vd2 population and upregulate an effector-like program upon antigen and IL-23 stimulation, providing a potential mechanism by which cytotoxic Vd2 cells may accumulate during adolescence and adulthood.
- gamma delta
- 1 Finished
Davis, T., Boyd, B., Bunnett, N., Porter, C., Caruso, F., Kent, S., Thordarson, P., Kearnes, M., Gooding, J., Kavallaris, M., Thurecht, K., Whittaker, A., Parton, R., Corrie, S. R., Johnston, A., McGhee, J., Greguric, I. D., Stevens, M. M., Lewis, J., Lee, D. S., Alexander, C., Dawson, K., Hawker, C., Haddleton, D., Thierry, B., Prestidge, C. A., Meyer, A., Jones-Jayasinghe, N., Voelcker, N. H., Nann, T. & McLean, K.
Australian Research Council (ARC), Monash University, University of Melbourne, University of New South Wales, University of Queensland , University of South Australia, Monash University – Internal Faculty Contribution, University of Wisconsin Madison, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, University of California System, University College Dublin, Imperial College London, University of Warwick, SungKyunKwan University, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) , University of Nottingham
30/06/14 → 29/06/21