Hierarchical mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth

a robust and flexible electrocatalyst for CO2 reduction with high efficiency and selectivity

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Abstract

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into liquid fuels is a promising approach to achieve a carbon-neutral energy cycle. However, conventional electrocatalysts usually suffer from low energy efficiency and poor selectivity and stability. A 3D hierarchical structure composed of mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth is proposed to efficiently and selectively electroreduce CO2 to formate in aqueous media. The electrode is fabricated by a facile combination of hydrothermal reaction and calcination. It exhibits an unprecedented partial current density of about 45 mA cm−2 at a moderate overpotential (0.88 V) with high faradaic efficiency (87±2 %), which is even larger than most gas diffusion electrodes. Additionally, the electrode also demonstrates flexibility and long-term stability. The superior performance is attributed to the robust and highly porous hierarchical structure, which provides a large surface area and facilitates charge and mass transfer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-509
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • 3D electrodes
  • CO2 reduction
  • electrocatalysis
  • nanosheets
  • nanostructures

Cite this

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title = "Hierarchical mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth: a robust and flexible electrocatalyst for CO2 reduction with high efficiency and selectivity",
abstract = "Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into liquid fuels is a promising approach to achieve a carbon-neutral energy cycle. However, conventional electrocatalysts usually suffer from low energy efficiency and poor selectivity and stability. A 3D hierarchical structure composed of mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth is proposed to efficiently and selectively electroreduce CO2 to formate in aqueous media. The electrode is fabricated by a facile combination of hydrothermal reaction and calcination. It exhibits an unprecedented partial current density of about 45 mA cm−2 at a moderate overpotential (0.88 V) with high faradaic efficiency (87±2 {\%}), which is even larger than most gas diffusion electrodes. Additionally, the electrode also demonstrates flexibility and long-term stability. The superior performance is attributed to the robust and highly porous hierarchical structure, which provides a large surface area and facilitates charge and mass transfer.",
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author = "Fengwang Li and Lu Chen and Gregory Knowles and Douglas Macfarlane and Jie Zhang",
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T1 - Hierarchical mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth

T2 - a robust and flexible electrocatalyst for CO2 reduction with high efficiency and selectivity

AU - Li, Fengwang

AU - Chen, Lu

AU - Knowles, Gregory

AU - Macfarlane, Douglas

AU - Zhang, Jie

PY - 2017/1/9

Y1 - 2017/1/9

N2 - Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into liquid fuels is a promising approach to achieve a carbon-neutral energy cycle. However, conventional electrocatalysts usually suffer from low energy efficiency and poor selectivity and stability. A 3D hierarchical structure composed of mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth is proposed to efficiently and selectively electroreduce CO2 to formate in aqueous media. The electrode is fabricated by a facile combination of hydrothermal reaction and calcination. It exhibits an unprecedented partial current density of about 45 mA cm−2 at a moderate overpotential (0.88 V) with high faradaic efficiency (87±2 %), which is even larger than most gas diffusion electrodes. Additionally, the electrode also demonstrates flexibility and long-term stability. The superior performance is attributed to the robust and highly porous hierarchical structure, which provides a large surface area and facilitates charge and mass transfer.

AB - Electrochemical reduction of CO2 into liquid fuels is a promising approach to achieve a carbon-neutral energy cycle. However, conventional electrocatalysts usually suffer from low energy efficiency and poor selectivity and stability. A 3D hierarchical structure composed of mesoporous SnO2 nanosheets on carbon cloth is proposed to efficiently and selectively electroreduce CO2 to formate in aqueous media. The electrode is fabricated by a facile combination of hydrothermal reaction and calcination. It exhibits an unprecedented partial current density of about 45 mA cm−2 at a moderate overpotential (0.88 V) with high faradaic efficiency (87±2 %), which is even larger than most gas diffusion electrodes. Additionally, the electrode also demonstrates flexibility and long-term stability. The superior performance is attributed to the robust and highly porous hierarchical structure, which provides a large surface area and facilitates charge and mass transfer.

KW - 3D electrodes

KW - CO2 reduction

KW - electrocatalysis

KW - nanosheets

KW - nanostructures

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