Hg2+-reactive double hydrophilic block copolymer assemblies as novel multifunctional fluorescent probes with improved performance

Jinming Hu, Changhua Li, Shiyong Liu

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94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on novel type of responsive double hydrophilic block copolymer (DHBC)-based multifunctional chemosensors to Hg2+ ions, pH, and temperatures and investigate the effects of thermo-induced micellization on the detection sensitivity. Well-defined DHBCs bearing rhodamine B-based Hg 2+-reactive moieties (RhBHA) in the thermoresponsive block, polyethylene oxide)-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-Rh.BHA) (PEO-b-P(NTPAM-co- RhBHA)), were synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Nonfluorescent RhBHA moieties are subjected to selective ring-opening reaction upon addition of Hg2+ ions or lowering solution pH, producing highly fluorescent acyclic species. Thus, at room temperature PEO-b-P(NIPAM-Co-RhBHA) DHBCs can serve as water-soluble multifunctional and efficient fluorescent chemosensors to Hg2+ ions and pH. Upon heating above the lower critical solution temperature ( 36 ?C) of the PNTPAM. block, they self-assemble into micelles possessing P(NIPAM-co-RhBHA) cores and well-solvated PEO coronas, which were fully characterized by dynamic and static laser light scattering. It was found that the detection sensitivity to Hg 2+ ions and pH could be dramatically improved at elevated temperatures due to fluorescence enhancement of RhBHA residues in the acyclic form, which were embedded within hydrophobic cores of thermo-induced micellar aggregates. This work, represents a proof-of-concept example of responsive DHBC-based multifunctional fluorescent chemosensors for the highly efficient detection of Hg2+ ions, pH, and temperatures with tunable detection sensitivity. Compared to reaction-based small molecule Hg2+ probes in previous literature reports, the integration of stimuli-responsive block, copolymers with well-developed small molecule-based selective sensing moieties in the current study are expected to exhibit preferred advantages including enhanced detection sensitivity, water dispersibility, biocompatibility, facile incorporation into devices, and the ability of further functionalization for targeted imaging and detection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724 - 729
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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