Formation of heterooligomeric complexes of human small heat shock proteins (sHsp) HspB6 (Hsp20) and HspB1 (Hsp27) was analyzed by means of native gel electrophoresis, analytical ultracentrifugation, chemical cross-linking and size-exclusion chromatography. HspB6 and HspB1 form at least two different complexes with apparent molecular masses 100-150 and 250-300 kDa, and formation of heterooligomeric complexes is temperature dependent. These complexes are highly mobile, easily exchange their subunits and are interconvertible. The stoichiometry of HspB1 and HspB6 in both complexes is close to 1/1 and smaller complexes are predominantly formed at low, whereas larger complexes are predominantly formed at high protein concentration. Formation of heterooligomeric complexes does not affect the chaperone-like activity of HspB1 and HspB6 if insulin or skeletal muscle F-actin was used as model protein substrates. After formation of heterooligomeric complexes the wild type HspB1 inhibits the rate of phosphorylation of HspB6 by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The 3D mutant mimicking phosphorylation of HspB1 also forms heterooligomeric complexes with HspB6, but is ineffective in inhibition of HspB6 phosphorylation. Inside of heterooligomeric complexes HspB6 inhibits phosphorylation of HspB1 by MAPKAP2 kinase. Thus, in heterooligomeric complexes HspB6 and HspB1 mutually affect the structure of each other and formation of heterooligomeric complexes might influence diverse processes depending on small heat shock proteins.
- Chaperone-like activity
- Homo- and heterooligomeric complex
- Small heat shock protein