Heterogeneity in the impact of type of schooling on adult health and lifestyle

Anirban Basu, Andrew M. Jones, Pedro Rosa Dias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Using data from a major educational reform in England and Wales, we examine heterogeneity in the long-term impacts of the exposure to different secondary schooling systems, characterized by selective early-tracking system versus non-selective comprehensive schooling, on health outcomes and smoking. We adopt a local instrumental variables approach to estimate person-centered treatment (PeT) effects, thereby recovering the full distribution of individual-level causal effects. We find that the transition from a selective early-tracking system to a non-selective one produced, on a fraction of individuals, significantly increased depression and cigarette smoking. These effects were persistent over time. Cognitive abilities did not moderate the effects, but students with lower non-cognitive skills were most likely to be negatively affected by this exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Educational reform
  • Health
  • Heterogeneity
  • Instrumental variable
  • Lifestyle

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