Hetero-metallic metal-organic frameworks for room-temperature NO2 sensing

Muhammad Waqas Khan, M. Munir Sadiq, Karuppasamy Gopalsamy, Kai Xu, Azmira Jannat, Bao Yue Zhang, Md Mohiuddin, Muhammad Haris, Rui Ou, Sanjida Afrin, Turki Alkathiri, Suraj Loomba, Xavier Mulet, Nasir Mahmood, Ravichandar Babarao, Jian Zhen Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with exceptional features such as high structural diversity and surface area as well as controlled pore size has been considered a promising candidate for developing room temperature highly-sensitive gas sensors. In comparison, the hetero-metallic MOFs with redox-active open-metal sites and mixed metal nodes may create peculiar surface properties and synergetic effects for enhanced gas sensing performances. In this work, the Fe atoms in the Fe3 (Porous coordination network) PCN-250 MOFs are partially replaced by transition metal Co, Mn, and Zn through a facile hydrothermal approach, leading to the formation of hetero-metallic MOFs (Fe2IIIMII, M = Co, Mn, and Zn). While the PCN-250 framework is maintained, the morphological and electronic band structural properties are manipulated upon the partial metal replacement of Fe. More importantly, the room temperature NO2 sensing performances are significantly varied, in which Fe2Mn PCN-250 demonstrates the largest response magnitude for ppb-level NO2 gas compared to those of pure Fe3 PCN-250 and other hetero-metallic MOF structures mainly attributed to the highest binding energy of NO2 gas. This work demonstrates the strong potential of hetero-metallic MOFs with carefully engineered substituted metal clusters for power-saving and high-performance gas sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-312
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2022


  • Bimetallic
  • Chemiresistive
  • Doping
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • PCN-250
  • Toxic-gas sensing

Cite this