OBJECTIVE: Hereditary endocrine tumors (HET) were among the first group of tumors where predisposition syndromes were recognized. The utility of genetic awareness is having the capacity to treat at an earlier stage, screen for other manifestations and initiate family cascade testing. The aim of this narrative review is to describe the most common hereditary syndromes associated with frequently encountered endocrine tumors, with an emphasis on screening and surveillance. METHODS: A MEDLINE search of articles for relevance to endocrine tumors and hereditary syndromes was performed. RESULTS: The most common hereditary syndromes associated with frequently encountered endocrine tumors are described in terms of prevalence, genotype, phenotype, penetrance of malignancy, surgical management, screening, and surveillance. CONCLUSION: Medical practitioners involved in the care of patients with endocrine tumors should have an index of suspicion for an underlying hereditary syndrome. Interdisciplinary care is integral to successful, long-term management of such patients and affected family members.
- hereditary endocrine syndromes
- hereditary endocrine tumors