Heat stroke and heat-related illness: Diagnosis, management and prevention

Steven J. Lindstrom, Harvey H. Newnham

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• Heat-related illness represents a spectrum of diseases, with heat stroke being the most severe. Exertional and classical (nonexertional) forms exist. • Heat stroke is a medical emergency, requiring immediate cooling and hospitalisation to prevent mortality. • Less severe disease may be managed in the community with appropriate hydration and prompt (same-day) follow up of pathology results, including an electrocardiogram. • Public education and optimisation of general hearth are paramount in reducing morbidity and mortality in at-risk groups. • Significant heat-related mortality is due to an increased incidence of cardiac, respiratory, renal and psychiatric illnesses in patients not meeting the diagnostic criteria for heat stroke. These conditions should be managed as per normal protocols, but with cooling where required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine Today
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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