Heart Failure and Exercise: A Narrative Review of the Role of Self-Efficacy

Francis J. Ha, David L. Hare, James D. Cameron, Samia R. Toukhsati

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a common, debilitating condition associated with significant health and economic burden. CHF management is multidisciplinary, however, achieving better health relies on a collaborative effort and patient engagement in self-care. Despite the importance of self-care in CHF, many patients have poor adherence to their medical and lifestyle regimens, in particular with regards to engaging in physical exercise. The patient's confidence in their ability, otherwise known as self-efficacy, is an important determinant of CHF health outcomes, most likely due to its effect on the uptake of CHF self-care activities especially exercise initiation and maintenance. Self-efficacy is responsive to experience such as exercise training, however the critical components of exercise interventions to improve self-efficacy have yet to be determined. This narrative review provides an overview of the role of self-efficacy in exercise adherence in CHF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalHeart Lung and Circulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Chronic heart failure
  • Exercise
  • Self-care
  • Self-efficacy

Cite this