Heart failure has reached epidemic proportions given the ageing of populations and is associated with high mortality and re-hospitalization rates. This article reviews and summarizes recent advances in the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of the patients with heart failure. Data are discussed based also on the most recent guidelines indications. Open issues and unmet needs are highlighted.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2017|
- ejection fraction
- heart failure