Health status after penetrating major trauma in Victoria, Australia: a registry-based cohort study

Melita J. Giummarra, Joanna F. Dipnall, Georgia Gibson, Ben Beck, Belinda J. Gabbe

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: As few studies have examined long-term health after penetrating injury, this population-based registry study sought to assess health outcomes up to 24 months post-injury. Methods: Major trauma patients with penetrating trauma (2009–2017) were included from the Victorian State Trauma Registry (N = 1,067; 102 died, 208 were lost to follow-up). The EQ-5D-3L was used to measure health status at 6, 12 and 24-months. Mixed linear and logistic regressions were used to examine predictors of summary scores, and problems versus no problems on each health dimension. Results: Average health status summary scores were 0.70 (sd = 0.26) at 6 and 12 months, and 0.72 (sd = 0.26) at 24 months post-injury. Prevalence of problems was consistent over time: mobility (24–26%), self-care (17–20%), usual activities (47–50%), pain/discomfort (44–49%), and anxiety/depression (54–56%). Lower health status and reporting problems was associated with middle-older age, female sex, unemployment; pre-injury disability, comorbid conditions; and assault and firearm injury versus cutting/piercing. Conclusion: Problems with usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety or depression are common after penetrating major trauma. Risk factor screening in hospital could be used to identify people at risk of poor health outcomes, and to link people at risk with services in hospital or early post-discharge to improve their longer-term health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3511–3521
Number of pages11
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Gunshot wounds
  • Health status
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Penetrating trauma
  • Recovery
  • Stab wounds

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