Harmonizing legal socialization to reduce antisocial behavior: results from a randomized field trial of truanting young people

Lorraine Mazerolle, Emma Antrobus, Stephanie M. Cardwell, Alex R. Piquero, Sarah Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Legal socialization conceptualizes two processes for attaining compliance as either consensus-based or coercive-based. However, in real life, an adolescent’s exposure to police and school authorities is likely to incorporate a blend of both the consensual and coercive systems of compliance. In this article, we examine how harmonizing the way that police and school authorities engage with young people using a consensus-based legal socialization approach might influence a young person’s self-reported antisocial behavior. Drawing data from a randomized field trial of the Ability School Engagement Program in Brisbane, Australia, we find that a young person’s participation in the consensus-based program impacts self-reported antisocial behavior over time indirectly through changes in perceptions of police legitimacy, but not through changes in perceptions of school legitimacy. We conclude that young people are more likely to obey the law when they are exposed to harmonized legal socialization experiences, but it is a young person’s view of police that matters more for compliance with the law than how they view school authorities.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages28
JournalJustice Quarterly
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

Keywords

  • antisocial behavior
  • coercion
  • consensus
  • Legal socialization
  • randomized field trial

Cite this

@article{7693a0e4fff647db9a26090b6e3f1411,
title = "Harmonizing legal socialization to reduce antisocial behavior: results from a randomized field trial of truanting young people",
abstract = "Legal socialization conceptualizes two processes for attaining compliance as either consensus-based or coercive-based. However, in real life, an adolescent’s exposure to police and school authorities is likely to incorporate a blend of both the consensual and coercive systems of compliance. In this article, we examine how harmonizing the way that police and school authorities engage with young people using a consensus-based legal socialization approach might influence a young person’s self-reported antisocial behavior. Drawing data from a randomized field trial of the Ability School Engagement Program in Brisbane, Australia, we find that a young person’s participation in the consensus-based program impacts self-reported antisocial behavior over time indirectly through changes in perceptions of police legitimacy, but not through changes in perceptions of school legitimacy. We conclude that young people are more likely to obey the law when they are exposed to harmonized legal socialization experiences, but it is a young person’s view of police that matters more for compliance with the law than how they view school authorities.",
keywords = "antisocial behavior, coercion, consensus, Legal socialization, randomized field trial",
author = "Lorraine Mazerolle and Emma Antrobus and Cardwell, {Stephanie M.} and Piquero, {Alex R.} and Sarah Bennett",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/07418825.2019.1618894",
language = "English",
journal = "Justice Quarterly",
issn = "0741-8825",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

Harmonizing legal socialization to reduce antisocial behavior : results from a randomized field trial of truanting young people. / Mazerolle, Lorraine; Antrobus, Emma; Cardwell, Stephanie M.; Piquero, Alex R.; Bennett, Sarah.

In: Justice Quarterly, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harmonizing legal socialization to reduce antisocial behavior

T2 - results from a randomized field trial of truanting young people

AU - Mazerolle, Lorraine

AU - Antrobus, Emma

AU - Cardwell, Stephanie M.

AU - Piquero, Alex R.

AU - Bennett, Sarah

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Legal socialization conceptualizes two processes for attaining compliance as either consensus-based or coercive-based. However, in real life, an adolescent’s exposure to police and school authorities is likely to incorporate a blend of both the consensual and coercive systems of compliance. In this article, we examine how harmonizing the way that police and school authorities engage with young people using a consensus-based legal socialization approach might influence a young person’s self-reported antisocial behavior. Drawing data from a randomized field trial of the Ability School Engagement Program in Brisbane, Australia, we find that a young person’s participation in the consensus-based program impacts self-reported antisocial behavior over time indirectly through changes in perceptions of police legitimacy, but not through changes in perceptions of school legitimacy. We conclude that young people are more likely to obey the law when they are exposed to harmonized legal socialization experiences, but it is a young person’s view of police that matters more for compliance with the law than how they view school authorities.

AB - Legal socialization conceptualizes two processes for attaining compliance as either consensus-based or coercive-based. However, in real life, an adolescent’s exposure to police and school authorities is likely to incorporate a blend of both the consensual and coercive systems of compliance. In this article, we examine how harmonizing the way that police and school authorities engage with young people using a consensus-based legal socialization approach might influence a young person’s self-reported antisocial behavior. Drawing data from a randomized field trial of the Ability School Engagement Program in Brisbane, Australia, we find that a young person’s participation in the consensus-based program impacts self-reported antisocial behavior over time indirectly through changes in perceptions of police legitimacy, but not through changes in perceptions of school legitimacy. We conclude that young people are more likely to obey the law when they are exposed to harmonized legal socialization experiences, but it is a young person’s view of police that matters more for compliance with the law than how they view school authorities.

KW - antisocial behavior

KW - coercion

KW - consensus

KW - Legal socialization

KW - randomized field trial

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067057421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07418825.2019.1618894

DO - 10.1080/07418825.2019.1618894

M3 - Article

JO - Justice Quarterly

JF - Justice Quarterly

SN - 0741-8825

ER -