Hamstring exercises for track and field athletes: Injury and exercise biomechanics, and possible implications for exercise selection and primary prevention

Nikos Malliaropoulos, Jurdan Mendiguchia, Hercules Pehlivanidis, Sofia Papadopoulou, Xavier Valle, Peter Malliaras, Nicola Maffulli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Hamstring strain injuries are the most prevalent muscle injuries in track and field (TF). These injuries often cause prolonged symptoms and a high risk of re-injury. Strengthening of the hamstring muscles has been recommended for injury prevention. The authors review the possible role of eccentric training in TF hamstring injury prevention and introduce exercise classification criteria to guide clinicians in designing strengthening programmes adapted to TF. The principles exposed may serve as a foundation for future development and application of new eccentric programmes to decrease the high incidence of this type of injury in other sports.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-851
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes

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