Halogen Substitution Effects on N2O Schiff Base Ligands in Unprecedented Abrupt FeII Spin Crossover Complexes

Wasinee Phonsri, David S Macedo, Kuduva R. Vignesh, Gopalan Rajaraman, Casey G. Davies, Guy N L Jameson, Boujemaa Moubaraki, Jas S. Ward, Paul E Kruger, Guillaume Chastanet, Keith S Murray

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A family of halogen-substituted Schiff base iron(II) complexes, [FeII(qsal-X)2], (qsal-X=5-X-N-(8-quinolyl)salicylaldimines)) in which X=F (1), Cl (2), Br (3) or I (4) has been investigated in detail. Compound 1 shows a temperature invariant high spin state, whereas the others all show abrupt spin transitions, at or above room temperature, namely, 295 K (X=I) up to 342 K (X=Br), these being some of the highest T1/2 values obtained, to date, for FeII N/O species. We have recently reported subtle symmetry breaking in [FeII(qsal-Cl)2] 2 with two spin transition steps occurring at 308 and 316 K. A photomagnetic study reveals almost full HS conversion of [FeII(qsal-I)2] 4 at low temperature (T(LIESST)=54 °K). The halogen substitution effects on the magnetic properties, as well as the crystal packing of the [FeII(qsal-X)2] compounds and theoretical calculations, are discussed in depth, giving important knowledge for the design of new spin crossover materials. In comparison to the well known iron(III) analogues, [FeIII(qsal-X)2]+, the two extra π–π and P4AE interactions found in [FeII(qsal-X)2] compounds, are believed to be accountable for the spin transitions occurring at ambient temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7052-7065
Number of pages14
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • halogen bonding
  • intermolecular interactions
  • iron complexes
  • Schiff base ligands
  • spin crossover

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