Habitual suppression relates to difficulty in regulating emotion with cognitive reappraisal

Xianwei Che, Xi Luo, Dandan Tong, Bernadette Fitzgibbon, Juan Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

One common strategy to cope with the difficulties of daily life is suppression. Habitual users of suppression tend to suppress their feelings rather than expressing them. Although this strategy may reduce outward response to emotion, it is not thought to lessen induced negative affect. Moreover, it remains unclear whether people with high suppression scores can reduce negative affect through cognitive reappraisal. In the present study, twenty-nine healthy participants differing in suppression scores were directed to reappraise aversive stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results showed that higher suppression scores correlated with decreased response of dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) during cognitive reappraisal. Further, high suppression scores related to enhanced negative affect to stimuli with greater negative affect correlating with decreased dmPFC response during cognitive reappraisal. This study suggests that people with high suppression scores experience difficulty in reducing negative affect through cognitive reappraisal and implicates neurobiological processes that may underlie this difficulty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Affective disorder
  • Cognitive reappraisal
  • Gender difference
  • Habitual suppression

Cite this

@article{bb08054e33864af28995a71c58e1f9f9,
title = "Habitual suppression relates to difficulty in regulating emotion with cognitive reappraisal",
abstract = "One common strategy to cope with the difficulties of daily life is suppression. Habitual users of suppression tend to suppress their feelings rather than expressing them. Although this strategy may reduce outward response to emotion, it is not thought to lessen induced negative affect. Moreover, it remains unclear whether people with high suppression scores can reduce negative affect through cognitive reappraisal. In the present study, twenty-nine healthy participants differing in suppression scores were directed to reappraise aversive stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results showed that higher suppression scores correlated with decreased response of dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) during cognitive reappraisal. Further, high suppression scores related to enhanced negative affect to stimuli with greater negative affect correlating with decreased dmPFC response during cognitive reappraisal. This study suggests that people with high suppression scores experience difficulty in reducing negative affect through cognitive reappraisal and implicates neurobiological processes that may underlie this difficulty.",
keywords = "Affective disorder, Cognitive reappraisal, Gender difference, Habitual suppression",
author = "Xianwei Che and Xi Luo and Dandan Tong and Bernadette Fitzgibbon and Juan Yang",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.09.011",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "20--26",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0301-0511",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Habitual suppression relates to difficulty in regulating emotion with cognitive reappraisal. / Che, Xianwei; Luo, Xi; Tong, Dandan; Fitzgibbon, Bernadette; Yang, Juan.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 112, 01.12.2015, p. 20-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Habitual suppression relates to difficulty in regulating emotion with cognitive reappraisal

AU - Che, Xianwei

AU - Luo, Xi

AU - Tong, Dandan

AU - Fitzgibbon, Bernadette

AU - Yang, Juan

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - One common strategy to cope with the difficulties of daily life is suppression. Habitual users of suppression tend to suppress their feelings rather than expressing them. Although this strategy may reduce outward response to emotion, it is not thought to lessen induced negative affect. Moreover, it remains unclear whether people with high suppression scores can reduce negative affect through cognitive reappraisal. In the present study, twenty-nine healthy participants differing in suppression scores were directed to reappraise aversive stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results showed that higher suppression scores correlated with decreased response of dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) during cognitive reappraisal. Further, high suppression scores related to enhanced negative affect to stimuli with greater negative affect correlating with decreased dmPFC response during cognitive reappraisal. This study suggests that people with high suppression scores experience difficulty in reducing negative affect through cognitive reappraisal and implicates neurobiological processes that may underlie this difficulty.

AB - One common strategy to cope with the difficulties of daily life is suppression. Habitual users of suppression tend to suppress their feelings rather than expressing them. Although this strategy may reduce outward response to emotion, it is not thought to lessen induced negative affect. Moreover, it remains unclear whether people with high suppression scores can reduce negative affect through cognitive reappraisal. In the present study, twenty-nine healthy participants differing in suppression scores were directed to reappraise aversive stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results showed that higher suppression scores correlated with decreased response of dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) during cognitive reappraisal. Further, high suppression scores related to enhanced negative affect to stimuli with greater negative affect correlating with decreased dmPFC response during cognitive reappraisal. This study suggests that people with high suppression scores experience difficulty in reducing negative affect through cognitive reappraisal and implicates neurobiological processes that may underlie this difficulty.

KW - Affective disorder

KW - Cognitive reappraisal

KW - Gender difference

KW - Habitual suppression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943646363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.09.011

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.09.011

M3 - Article

VL - 112

SP - 20

EP - 26

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

ER -