Gymnasts in training: The differential effects of self-and coach-set goals as a function of locus of control

Sarah M. Lambert, Dennis W. Moore, Robyn S. Dixon

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13 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the relationship between goal-setting strategies and locus of control on on-task behavior. Four female Level 8 and 9 gymnasts were selected to participate, two with an internal, and two an external locus of control. Using a within-subjects, alternating treatment design, subjects were exposed to both self-and coach-set goal conditions. Results revealed a differential effect; subjects with a more internal locus of control spent relatively more time on-task under the self-set goal condition while those with a more external locus of control spent more time on-task when the coach set their goals. Implications for the theoretical understanding of goal setting processes as well as more applied considerations for coaching practice are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-82
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

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