Guidelines for multimodal user interface design

Leah M. Reeves, Jennifer Lai, James A. Larson, Sharon Oviatt, T. S. Balaji, Stéphanie Buisine, Penny Collings, Phil Cohen, Ben Kraal, Jean Claude Martin, Michael McTear, T. V. Raman, Kay M. Stanney, Hui Su, Qian Ying Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

150 Citations (Scopus)


Guiding principles representing initial strategies to aid in the development of principle driven multimodal interface design are discussed. In multimodal systems, guiding principles can be used to direct the design of information presented to users for integrating multiple modalities and to support multiple user inputs. It is suggested that the multimodal interfaces should adapt to the needs and abilities of different users and different contexts of use. Dynamic adaptivity enables the interface to degrade by leveraging complementary and supplementary modalities according to changes in task and context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-59
Number of pages3
JournalCommunications of the ACM
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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