Guanine-nucleotide-releasing factor hSos1 binds to Grb2 and links receptor tyrosine kinases to Ras signalling

N. Li, A. Batzer, R. Daly, V. Yajnik, E. Skolnik, P. Chardin, D. Bar-Sagi, B. Margolis, J. Schlessinger

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Abstract

MANY of the actions of receptor tyrosine kinases are mediated by the protein Ras1-5, including the activation of various downstream serine/threonine kinases and the stimulation of growth and differentiation 6-12. The human protein Grb2 binds to ligand-activated growth factor receptors and downstream effector proteins through its Src-homology (SH) domains SH2 and SH3, respectively13,14, and like its homologue from Caenorhabditis elegans, Sem-5, apparently forms part of a highly conserved pathway by which these receptors can control Ras activity15-18. Here we show that the SH3 domains of Grb2 bind to the carboxy-terminal part of hSos1, the human homologue of the Drosophila guanine-nucleotide-releasing factor for Ras, which is essential for control of Ras activity by epidermal growth factor receptor and sevenless19,20. Moreover, a synthetic 10-amino-acid peptide containing the sequence PPVPPR specifically blocks the interaction. These results indicate that the Grbl/hSos1 complex couples activated EGF receptor to Ras signalling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-88
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume363
Issue number6424
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

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