Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have achieved state-of-the-art performance in many graph data analysis tasks. However, they still suffer from two limitations for graph representation learning. First, they exploit non-smoothing node features which may result in suboptimal embedding and degenerated performance for graph classification. Second, they only exploit neighbor information but ignore global topological knowledge. Aiming to overcome these limitations simultaneously, in this paper, we propose a novel, flexible, and end-to-end framework, Graph Smoothing Splines Neural Networks (GSSNN), for graph classification. By exploiting the smoothing splines, which are widely used to learn smoothing fitting function in regression, we develop an effective feature smoothing and enhancement module Scaled Smoothing Splines (S3) to learn graph embedding. To integrate global topological information, we design a novel scoring module, which exploits closeness, degree, as well as self-attention values, to select important node features as knots for smoothing splines. These knots can be potentially used for interpreting classification results. In extensive experiments on biological and social datasets, we demonstrate that our model achieves state-of-the-arts and GSSNN is superior in learning more robust graph representations. Furthermore, we show that S3 module is easily plugged into existing GNNs to improve their performance.
|Title of host publication||The Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence|
|Editors||Vincent Conitzer, Fei Sha|
|Place of Publication||Palo Alto CA USA|
|Publisher||Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2020 - New York, United States of America|
Duration: 7 Feb 2020 → 12 Feb 2020
Conference number: 34th
|Name||AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence|
|Conference||AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2020|
|Country||United States of America|
|Period||7/02/20 → 12/02/20|
|Other||The Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence was held on February 7–12, 2020 in New York, New York, USA. The surge in public interest in AI technologies, which we have witnessed over the past few years, continued to accelerate in 2019–2020, with the societal and economic impact of AI becoming a central point of public and government discussion worldwide. AAAI-20 saw submissions and attendance numbers that were records in the history of the AAAI series of conferences and continued its tradition of attracting top-quality papers from all areas of AI. We were excited to see increases in submissions across almost all areas.|
The AAAI-20 program consisted of a core technical program of original research presentations, including a special track on AI for social impact and a sister conference track. It additionally featured a broad range of tutorials, workshops, invited talks, panels, student abstracts, a debate, and presentations by senior members. The program was rounded out by technical demonstrations, exhibits, an AI job fair, the AI in Practice program, a student outreach program, and a game night. The conference also continued its tradition of colocating with the long-running IAAI conference and the EAAI symposium, as well as the newer conference on AI, Ethics, and Society.