Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures: a decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s

M. Ravallion, G. Datt

Research output: Book/ReportOther ReportResearch


Shows how changes in poverty measures can be decomposed into growth and redistribution components, and uses the methodology to study poverty in Brazil and India during the 1980s. Redistribution alleviated poverty in India, though growth was quantitatively more important. Improved distribution countervailed the adverse effect of monsoon failure in the late 1980s on rural poverty. However, worsening distribution in Brazil, associated with the macroeconomic shocks of the 1980s, mitigated poverty alleviation through the limited growth that occurred. India's higher poverty level than Brazil is accountable to India's lower mean consumption; Brazil's worse distribution mitigates the cross-country difference in poverty. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWashington DC USA
PublisherWorld Bank
Number of pages43
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Publication series

NameWorld Bank Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper
PublisherWorld Bank
ISSN (Print)0253-4517

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