Grid-supporting battery energy storage systems in islanded microgrids: a data-driven control approach

Daniel Joseph Ryan, Reza Razzaghi, Hugh Duffy Torresan, Alireza Karimi, Behrooz Bahrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Islanded microgrids have low real and reactive power generation capacity and low inertia. This makes them susceptible to large frequency and voltage deviations, which deteriorate power quality and can cause frequency or voltage collapse. Grid-supporting battery energy storage systems are a possible solution as they are able to respond quickly to changes of their real and reactive power set-points. In this paper, a data-driven grid-supporting control system for battery energy storage systems, which requires no changes to the inverters inner real and reactive power control loops compared with a conventional grid-supporting inverter, is proposed. Tuning the data-driven controller does not require a dynamic model of the microgrid. Instead, the frequency response of the microgrid is identified and used directly to optimally tune the controller for H∞ performance and robustness criteria. The performance of the data-driven controller is verified through real-time software-in-the-loop electromagnetic-transient simulation, where it is compared with an inverse-droop controller and is shown to significantly reduce voltage and frequency deviations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-846
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • convex optimization
  • H-infinity control
  • lithium-ion batteries
  • microgrids
  • power system control
  • smart grids
  • voltage-source converter

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