Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients

Philip A Fay, Suzanne M Prober, William Stanley Harpole, Johannes M H Knops, Jonathan D Bakker, Elizabeth T Borer, Eric M Lind, Andrew S MacDougall, Eric W Seabloom, Peter D Wragg, Peter B Adler, Dana M Blumenthal, Yvonne M Buckley, Chengjin Chu, Elsa E Cleland, Scott L Collins, Kendi F Davies, Guozhen Du, Xiaohui Feng, Jennifer Firn & 19 others Daniel S Gruner, Nicole Hagenah, Yann Hautier, Robert W Heckman, Virginia L Jin, Kevin P Kirkman, Julia A Klein, Laura Marie Ladwig, Qi Li, Rebecca L Mcculley, Brett A Melbourne, Charles E Mitchell, Joslin Moore, John W Morgan, Anita Christina Risch, Martin Schuetz, Carly J Stevens, David A Wedin, Louie H Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Terrestrial ecosystem productivity is widely accepted to be nutrient limited1. Although nitrogen (N) is deemed a key determinant of aboveground net primary production (ANPP)2,3, the prevalence of co-limitation by N and phosphorus (P) is increasingly recognized4,​5,​6,​7,​8. However, the extent to which terrestrial productivity is co-limited by nutrients other than N and P has remained unclear. Here, we report results from a standardized factorial nutrient addition experiment, in which we added N, P and potassium (K) combined with a selection of micronutrients (K+μ), alone or in concert, to 42 grassland sites spanning five continents, and monitored ANPP. Nutrient availability limited productivity at 31 of the 42 grassland sites. And pairwise combinations of N, P, and K+μ co-limited ANPP at 29 of the sites. Nitrogen limitation peaked in cool, high latitude sites. Our findings highlight the importance of less studied nutrients, such as K and micronutrients, for grassland productivity, and point to significant variations in the type and degree of nutrient limitation. We suggest that multiple-nutrient constraints must be considered when assessing the ecosystem-scale consequences of nutrient enrichment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalNature Plants
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

Fay, P. A., Prober, S. M., Harpole, W. S., Knops, J. M. H., Bakker, J. D., Borer, E. T., ... Yang, L. H. (2015). Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients. Nature Plants, 1, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2015.80
Fay, Philip A ; Prober, Suzanne M ; Harpole, William Stanley ; Knops, Johannes M H ; Bakker, Jonathan D ; Borer, Elizabeth T ; Lind, Eric M ; MacDougall, Andrew S ; Seabloom, Eric W ; Wragg, Peter D ; Adler, Peter B ; Blumenthal, Dana M ; Buckley, Yvonne M ; Chu, Chengjin ; Cleland, Elsa E ; Collins, Scott L ; Davies, Kendi F ; Du, Guozhen ; Feng, Xiaohui ; Firn, Jennifer ; Gruner, Daniel S ; Hagenah, Nicole ; Hautier, Yann ; Heckman, Robert W ; Jin, Virginia L ; Kirkman, Kevin P ; Klein, Julia A ; Ladwig, Laura Marie ; Li, Qi ; Mcculley, Rebecca L ; Melbourne, Brett A ; Mitchell, Charles E ; Moore, Joslin ; Morgan, John W ; Risch, Anita Christina ; Schuetz, Martin ; Stevens, Carly J ; Wedin, David A ; Yang, Louie H. / Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients. In: Nature Plants. 2015 ; Vol. 1. pp. 1-5.
@article{43a11e0dad21436a9e784a615da88e0a,
title = "Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients",
abstract = "Terrestrial ecosystem productivity is widely accepted to be nutrient limited1. Although nitrogen (N) is deemed a key determinant of aboveground net primary production (ANPP)2,3, the prevalence of co-limitation by N and phosphorus (P) is increasingly recognized4,​5,​6,​7,​8. However, the extent to which terrestrial productivity is co-limited by nutrients other than N and P has remained unclear. Here, we report results from a standardized factorial nutrient addition experiment, in which we added N, P and potassium (K) combined with a selection of micronutrients (K+μ), alone or in concert, to 42 grassland sites spanning five continents, and monitored ANPP. Nutrient availability limited productivity at 31 of the 42 grassland sites. And pairwise combinations of N, P, and K+μ co-limited ANPP at 29 of the sites. Nitrogen limitation peaked in cool, high latitude sites. Our findings highlight the importance of less studied nutrients, such as K and micronutrients, for grassland productivity, and point to significant variations in the type and degree of nutrient limitation. We suggest that multiple-nutrient constraints must be considered when assessing the ecosystem-scale consequences of nutrient enrichment",
author = "Fay, {Philip A} and Prober, {Suzanne M} and Harpole, {William Stanley} and Knops, {Johannes M H} and Bakker, {Jonathan D} and Borer, {Elizabeth T} and Lind, {Eric M} and MacDougall, {Andrew S} and Seabloom, {Eric W} and Wragg, {Peter D} and Adler, {Peter B} and Blumenthal, {Dana M} and Buckley, {Yvonne M} and Chengjin Chu and Cleland, {Elsa E} and Collins, {Scott L} and Davies, {Kendi F} and Guozhen Du and Xiaohui Feng and Jennifer Firn and Gruner, {Daniel S} and Nicole Hagenah and Yann Hautier and Heckman, {Robert W} and Jin, {Virginia L} and Kirkman, {Kevin P} and Klein, {Julia A} and Ladwig, {Laura Marie} and Qi Li and Mcculley, {Rebecca L} and Melbourne, {Brett A} and Mitchell, {Charles E} and Joslin Moore and Morgan, {John W} and Risch, {Anita Christina} and Martin Schuetz and Stevens, {Carly J} and Wedin, {David A} and Yang, {Louie H}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1038/nplants.2015.80",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "1--5",
journal = "Nature Plants",
issn = "2055-0278",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

Fay, PA, Prober, SM, Harpole, WS, Knops, JMH, Bakker, JD, Borer, ET, Lind, EM, MacDougall, AS, Seabloom, EW, Wragg, PD, Adler, PB, Blumenthal, DM, Buckley, YM, Chu, C, Cleland, EE, Collins, SL, Davies, KF, Du, G, Feng, X, Firn, J, Gruner, DS, Hagenah, N, Hautier, Y, Heckman, RW, Jin, VL, Kirkman, KP, Klein, JA, Ladwig, LM, Li, Q, Mcculley, RL, Melbourne, BA, Mitchell, CE, Moore, J, Morgan, JW, Risch, AC, Schuetz, M, Stevens, CJ, Wedin, DA & Yang, LH 2015, 'Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients' Nature Plants, vol. 1, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2015.80

Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients. / Fay, Philip A; Prober, Suzanne M; Harpole, William Stanley; Knops, Johannes M H; Bakker, Jonathan D; Borer, Elizabeth T; Lind, Eric M; MacDougall, Andrew S; Seabloom, Eric W; Wragg, Peter D; Adler, Peter B; Blumenthal, Dana M; Buckley, Yvonne M; Chu, Chengjin; Cleland, Elsa E; Collins, Scott L; Davies, Kendi F; Du, Guozhen; Feng, Xiaohui; Firn, Jennifer; Gruner, Daniel S; Hagenah, Nicole; Hautier, Yann; Heckman, Robert W; Jin, Virginia L; Kirkman, Kevin P; Klein, Julia A; Ladwig, Laura Marie; Li, Qi; Mcculley, Rebecca L; Melbourne, Brett A; Mitchell, Charles E; Moore, Joslin; Morgan, John W; Risch, Anita Christina; Schuetz, Martin; Stevens, Carly J; Wedin, David A; Yang, Louie H.

In: Nature Plants, Vol. 1, 2015, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients

AU - Fay, Philip A

AU - Prober, Suzanne M

AU - Harpole, William Stanley

AU - Knops, Johannes M H

AU - Bakker, Jonathan D

AU - Borer, Elizabeth T

AU - Lind, Eric M

AU - MacDougall, Andrew S

AU - Seabloom, Eric W

AU - Wragg, Peter D

AU - Adler, Peter B

AU - Blumenthal, Dana M

AU - Buckley, Yvonne M

AU - Chu, Chengjin

AU - Cleland, Elsa E

AU - Collins, Scott L

AU - Davies, Kendi F

AU - Du, Guozhen

AU - Feng, Xiaohui

AU - Firn, Jennifer

AU - Gruner, Daniel S

AU - Hagenah, Nicole

AU - Hautier, Yann

AU - Heckman, Robert W

AU - Jin, Virginia L

AU - Kirkman, Kevin P

AU - Klein, Julia A

AU - Ladwig, Laura Marie

AU - Li, Qi

AU - Mcculley, Rebecca L

AU - Melbourne, Brett A

AU - Mitchell, Charles E

AU - Moore, Joslin

AU - Morgan, John W

AU - Risch, Anita Christina

AU - Schuetz, Martin

AU - Stevens, Carly J

AU - Wedin, David A

AU - Yang, Louie H

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Terrestrial ecosystem productivity is widely accepted to be nutrient limited1. Although nitrogen (N) is deemed a key determinant of aboveground net primary production (ANPP)2,3, the prevalence of co-limitation by N and phosphorus (P) is increasingly recognized4,​5,​6,​7,​8. However, the extent to which terrestrial productivity is co-limited by nutrients other than N and P has remained unclear. Here, we report results from a standardized factorial nutrient addition experiment, in which we added N, P and potassium (K) combined with a selection of micronutrients (K+μ), alone or in concert, to 42 grassland sites spanning five continents, and monitored ANPP. Nutrient availability limited productivity at 31 of the 42 grassland sites. And pairwise combinations of N, P, and K+μ co-limited ANPP at 29 of the sites. Nitrogen limitation peaked in cool, high latitude sites. Our findings highlight the importance of less studied nutrients, such as K and micronutrients, for grassland productivity, and point to significant variations in the type and degree of nutrient limitation. We suggest that multiple-nutrient constraints must be considered when assessing the ecosystem-scale consequences of nutrient enrichment

AB - Terrestrial ecosystem productivity is widely accepted to be nutrient limited1. Although nitrogen (N) is deemed a key determinant of aboveground net primary production (ANPP)2,3, the prevalence of co-limitation by N and phosphorus (P) is increasingly recognized4,​5,​6,​7,​8. However, the extent to which terrestrial productivity is co-limited by nutrients other than N and P has remained unclear. Here, we report results from a standardized factorial nutrient addition experiment, in which we added N, P and potassium (K) combined with a selection of micronutrients (K+μ), alone or in concert, to 42 grassland sites spanning five continents, and monitored ANPP. Nutrient availability limited productivity at 31 of the 42 grassland sites. And pairwise combinations of N, P, and K+μ co-limited ANPP at 29 of the sites. Nitrogen limitation peaked in cool, high latitude sites. Our findings highlight the importance of less studied nutrients, such as K and micronutrients, for grassland productivity, and point to significant variations in the type and degree of nutrient limitation. We suggest that multiple-nutrient constraints must be considered when assessing the ecosystem-scale consequences of nutrient enrichment

UR - http://www.nature.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/articles/nplants201580.pdf

U2 - 10.1038/nplants.2015.80

DO - 10.1038/nplants.2015.80

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - Nature Plants

JF - Nature Plants

SN - 2055-0278

ER -

Fay PA, Prober SM, Harpole WS, Knops JMH, Bakker JD, Borer ET et al. Grassland productivity limited by multiple nutrients. Nature Plants. 2015;1:1-5. https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2015.80